P. J. Harvey

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Results are reported from the complete salt phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory experiment in which NaCl was dissolved in the D 2 O target. The addition of salt enhanced the signal from neutron capture, as compared to the pure D 2 O detector. By making a statistical separation of charged-current events from other types based on event-isotropy(More)
A search has been made for neutrinos from the hep reaction in the Sun and from the diffuse supernova neutrino background (DSNB) using data collected during the first operational phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, with an exposure of 0.65 ktons yr. For the hep neutrino search, two events are observed in the effective electron energy range of 14:3 MeV(More)
A method to remove the scattered background from a reconstructed image by deconvolution with a point response function which includes the scatter contribution is presented. The amplitude of the scattered response function is obtained by constraining a region of the corrected image to zero average amplitude. This method assumes that the shape of scatter(More)
The potential of algal biomass as a source of liquid and gaseous biofuels is a highly topical theme, but as yet there is no successful economically viable commercial system producing biofuel. However, the majority of the research has focused on producing fuels from microalgae rather than from macroalgae. This article briefly reviews the methods by which(More)
Upper limits on the e flux at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory have been set based on the e charged-current reaction on deuterium. The reaction produces a positron and two neutrons in coincidence. This distinctive signature allows a search with very low background for e 's from the Sun and other potential sources. Both differential and integral limits on(More)
The brown seaweed Sargassum muticum is an invasive species to the coasts of the British Isles, mainland Europe and North America. Attempts at its eradication and control have generally not been successful, although time-consuming and costly. Commercial exploration of this biomass for fuel could encourage its harvesting and control. Anaerobic digestion (AD)(More)
Results are reported from a joint analysis of Phase I and Phase II data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. The effective electron kinetic energy threshold used is T eff = 3.5 MeV, the lowest analysis threshold yet achieved with water Cherenkov detector data. In units of 10 6 cm −2 s −1 , the total flux of active-flavor neutrinos from 8 B decay in the(More)
This review examines the potential technical and energy balance hurdles in the production of seaweed biofuel, and in particular for the MacroBioCrude processing pipeline for the sustainable manufacture of liquid hydrocarbon fuels from seaweed in the UK. The production of biofuel from seaweed is economically, energetically and technically challenging at(More)
The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) used an array of 3 He proportional counters to measure the rate of neutral-current interactions in heavy water and precisely determined the total active (x) 8 B solar neutrino flux. This technique is independent of previous methods employed by SNO.
A search has been made for sinusoidal periodic variations in the 8 B solar neutrino flux using data collected by the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory over a 4-year time interval. The variation at a period of 1 yr is consistent with modulation of the 8 B neutrino flux by the Earth's orbital eccentricity. No significant sinusoidal periodicities are found with(More)