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Nonsyndromic hearing impairment is one of the most heterogeneous hereditary conditions, with more than 40 loci mapped on the human genome, however, only a limited number of genes implicated in hearing loss have been identified. We previously reported linkage to chromosome 7p15 for autosomal dominant hearing impairment segregating in an extended Dutch family(More)
Hereditary multiple exostosis (EXT) is an autosomal dominant condition mainly characterized by the presence of multiple exostoses on the long bones. These exostoses are benign cartilaginous tumors (enchondromata). Three different EXT loci on chromosomes 8q (EXT1), 11p (EXT2) and 19p (EXT3) have been reported, and recently the EXT1 gene was identified by(More)
X-linked phosphorylase kinase (PHK) deficiency causes X-linked liver glycogenosis (XLG) which is the most frequent liver glycogen storage disorder in man. Recently we assigned XLG to the Xp22 chromosomal region by linkage analysis in two families segregating XLG. In this study a further localization of XLG in Xp22 was performed by extending the number of(More)
X-linked liver glycogenosis (XLG) is a glycogen storage disorder resulting from deficient activity of phosphorylase kinase (PHK). PHK consists of four different subunits: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta. Several genes encoding PHK subunits have been cloned and localized, but only the muscle alpha-subunit (PHKA) gene has been assigned to the X chromosome, in(More)
Aneuploidy detection for chromosome 21 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to interphase nuclei using a probe specific for the alphoid DNA sequences D21Z1/D13Z1 should be avoided. An extreme heteromorphism, resulting in misdiagnosis if interphase FISH is the only test employed, may be far more frequent (4/101) than expected.
Prolyl oligopeptidase is a large monomeric proline specific serine endopeptidase, the activity of which correlates well with different stages of depression. We have subregionally mapped human lymphocytic prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) by FISH using a cosmid probe. The probe mapped to the long arm of chromosome 6, and the signal clustered in band q22.
The DEFECT11 syndrome is a contiguous gene syndrome associated with deletions in the proximal part of chromosome 11p. In this study, we describe in an Italian family the co-existence of multiple exostoses (EXT) and enlarged parietal foramina (FPP), the two major symptoms of this syndrome, with abnormalities of the central nervous system. The latter may be a(More)
In the search for genetic causes of mental retardation, we have studied a five-generation family that includes 10 individuals in generations IV and V who are affected with mild-to-moderate mental retardation and mild, nonspecific dysmorphic features. The disease is inherited in a seemingly autosomal dominant fashion with reduced penetrance. The pedigree is(More)
We report the prenatal diagnosis of a karyotype 46,XY,rec(6)dup p, inv(6) (p23q27) mat detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization using chromosome 6pter and 6qter specific DNA markers. This partial duplication-deletion (6p12-->pter; 6q27-->qter) emanated from a balanced pericentric inversion 46,XX inv(6) (p23q27)pat present in the mother. The phenotypes(More)