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This work demonstrates the existence of titratable transport and modifier sites in the anion transport system of human red cells. Effects of alkaline extracellular pH on chloride exchange were studied up to pH 13 at 0 degrees C. The studies revealed two sets of reversible titratable groups. One set, having a pK of or approximately 11, appeared to be(More)
Chloride self-exchange across the human erythrocyte membrane at alkaline extracellular pH (pHO) and constant neutral intracellular pH (pH(i)) can be described by an exofacial deprotonatable reciprocating anion binding site model. The conversion of the transport system from the neutral to the alkaline state is related to deprotonation of a positively charged(More)
Chloride exchange in resealed human erythrocyte ghosts can be irreversibly inhibited with phenylglyoxal, a reagent specific for the modification of arginyl residues in proteins. Phenylglyoxal inhibits anion transport in two distinct ways. At 0 degrees C, inhibition is instantaneous and fully reversible, whereas at higher temperature in an alkaline(More)
The red cell anion transport protein, band 3, can be selectively modified with phenylglyoxal, which modifies arginyl residues (arg) in proteins, usually with a phenylglyoxal: arg stoichiometry of 2:1. Indiscriminate modification of all arg in red cell membrane proteins occurred rapidly when both extra- and intracellular pH were above 10. Selective(More)
The ionic activities and total molalities of sodium, potassium, calcium, lithium, and chloride in a solution of human serum albumin were measured at different values of pH between 4 and 9. The same quantities were measured simultaneously in a protein-free electrolyte solution in membrane equilibrium with the albumin solution. Taking the residual(More)
Anion exchange in human red blood cell membranes was inactivated using the impermeant carbodiimide 1-ethyl-3-(4-azonia-4,4-dimethylpentyl)-carbodiimide (EAC). The inactivation time course was biphasic: at 30 mM EAC, approximately 50% of the exchange capacity was inactivated within approximately 15 min; this was followed by a phase in which irreversible(More)
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