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We examine the use of internal controls for estimating the expected initial copy number of the target in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We base our investigation on an extended branching-process model. In terms of that model, we delineate the necessary assumptions for this methodology to yield approximately unbiased answers, and we provide means for(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies have identified numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) affecting high density lipoprotein (HDL) or low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels; these SNPs may contribute to the genetic basis of vascular diseases. RESULTS We assessed the impact of 34 SNPs at 23 loci on dyslipidemia, key lipid(More)
The genetic factors associated with carotid artery disease (CAAD) are not fully known. Because of its role in lipid metabolism, we hypothesized that common genetic variation in the very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) gene is associated with severe CAAD (>80% stenosis), body mass index (BMI), and lipid traits in humans. VLDLR was resequenced for(More)
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