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Rhodopsin is a member of an ancient class of receptors that transduce signals through their interaction with guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins). We have mapped the sites of interaction of rhodopsin with its G protein, which by analogy suggests how other members of this class of receptors may interact with their G proteins. Three regions of(More)
A prediction algorithm based on physical characteristics of the twenty amino acids and refined by comparison to the proposed bacteriorhodopsin structure was devised to delineate likely membrane-buried regions in the primary sequences of proteins known to interact with the lipid bilayer. Application of the method to the sequence of the carboxyl terminal(More)
A panel of anti-bovine rhodopsin monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) of defined site-specificity has been prepared and used for functional and topographic studies of rhodopsins. In order to select these antibodies, hybridoma supernatants that contained anti-rhodopsin antibodies have been screened by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the presence of(More)
Cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) is an uncommon paraneoplastic disease in which degeneration of the retina occurs as a remote effect of cancer in a distant part of the body. Immunoreactivity of sera from CAR patients and controls have been analyzed. Immunostaining of human retinal proteins showed that a soluble protein of Mr approximately 46 kDa (p46) is(More)
The binding sites for four monoclonal antibodies, rho 1D4, rho 3C2, rho 3A6, and rho 1C5, have been localized within the C-terminal region of bovine rhodopsin: Asp18'-Glu-Ala16'-Ser-Thr-Thr-Val12'-Ser-Lys-Thr-Gl u8'-Thr-Ser-Gln-Val4'-Ala-Pr o -Ala1'. Antibody binding sites were localized by using synthetic C-terminal peptides in conjunction with solid-phase(More)
The maintenance of photoreceptor cell polarity is compromised by the rhodopsin mutations causing the human disease autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa. The severe form mutations occur in the C-terminal sorting signal of rhodopsin, VXPX-COOH. Here, we report that this sorting motif binds specifically to the small GTPase ARF4, a member of the ARF family(More)
The interaction between receptors and guanine nucleotide binding (G) proteins leads to G protein activation and subsequent regulation of effector enzymes. The molecular basis of receptor-G protein interaction has been examined by using the ability of the G protein from rods (transducin) to cause a conformational change in rhodopsin as an assay. Synthetic(More)
Subcellular translocation of phototransduction proteins in response to light has previously been detected by immunocytochemistry. This movement is consistent with the hypothesis that migration is part of a basic cellular mechanism regulating photoreceptor sensitivity. In order to monitor the putative migration of arrestin in response to light, we expressed(More)
Rhodopsins, the photoreceptors in rod cells, are G-protein-coupled receptors with seven hydrophobic segments containing characteristic conserved sequence patterns that define a large family. Members of the family are expected to share a conserved transmembrane structure. Direct evidence for the arrangement of seven alpha-helices was obtained from a 9A(More)
A dipeptide containing the binding site for retinal in bovine rhodopsin has been isolated and its sequence determined. Rhodopsin containing [11-3H]retinal was prepared in chromatographically pure form, and the [3H]retinal was reductively linked to its binding site on opsin by using borane--dimethylamine. The [3H]retinylopsin in octyl glucoside was(More)