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OBJECTIVES To review the patients operated in our department with supracricoid partial laryngectomy with either cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) (59 cases) or cricohyoidopexy (CHP) (10 cases) technique, for primary or recurrent glottosupraglottic squamous cell carcinoma and compare the technique with other surgical or conservative approaches for treatment of(More)
Fifteen infants and children with a severe subglottic stenosis underwent a partial cricoid resection with primary tracheal anastomosis. The etiology of the stenosis was congenital in 3 cases and was acquired after prolonged intubation in 12. Fourteen patients were tracheotomy dependent at the time of surgery, and 13 (87%) of the 15 were classified grade III(More)
The role of specific food groups and diet variety on the risk of oral and pharyngeal cancer has been considered using data from a case-control study conducted between 1992 and 1997 in the Swiss Canton of Vaud. Cases were 156 patients (126 males, 30 females) aged under 75 (median age 56) years with incident, histologically confirmed cancer of the oral cavity(More)
The pharmacokinetics of the photosensitizer 5,10,15,20-tetra(m-hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC) was investigated in the plasma of 20 patients by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. The temporal behavior was characterized by a rapid decrease in concentration during the first minutes after intravenous injection of 0.15 mg/kg mTHPC. A minimum concentration(More)
BACKGROUND Both surgery and radiotherapy are recognized treatments of T1-T2 squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. We retrospectively analyze and compare the oncological outcome of patients treated in a single institution, either by endoscopic surgery or partial supracricoid laryngectomy versus radiation therapy. METHODS The medical records of 156(More)
Field cancerisation of the aerodigestive tract is caused by chronic exposure to alcohol and tobacco, but the nature of the genetic alterations preceding overt malignancy is unknown. To identify potential field changes we have used a functional assay which tests the transcriptional competence of human p53 expressed in yeast. To increase the sensitivity and(More)
We have developed a new approach to photodynamic therapy based on adenoviral transduction of the rate-limiting enzyme in heme synthesis. Conventional phototherapy uses porphyrin-based chemical photosensitisers, including δ-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) which is converted to protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) by the enzymes of the heme biosynthetic pathway. The lack of a(More)
The influence of food groups on oesophageal cancer risk was analysed using data from a case-control study conducted between 1992 and 1999 in the Swiss Canton of Vaud on 101 incident, histologically confirmed cases (92 squamous cell, 9 adenocarcinomas) and 327 controls admitted to hospital for acute, non-neoplastic conditions. Multivariate odds ratios (OR)(More)
OBJECTIVE To clinically evaluate a new photosensitizer, m-tetra(hydroxyphenyl) chlorin (m-THPC), for the photodynamic therapy of early squamous cell carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract. DESIGN Phase 1 included evaluation of the innocuousness of the compound after intravenous injection (control of vital parameters and blood analysis before and(More)
A fluorescence imaging device applied to the detection of early cancer is described. The apparatus is based on the imaging of laser-induced fluorescence of a dye that localizes in a tumor with a higher concentration than in the surrounding normal tissue after iv injection. Tests carried out in the upper aerodigestive tract, the tracheobronchial tree, and(More)