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Abnormalities in fasting lipid and lipoprotein levels are known to occur in obesity and other hyperinsulinemic states. However, postprandial lipoprotein metabolism has not been studied systematically in obese subjects using sensitive techniques to distinguish between triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particles derived from the intestine and the liver. In the(More)
Bovine milk lipoprotein lipase (LPL) induced binding, uptake, and degradation of 125I-labeled normal human triglyceride-rich lipoproteins by cultured mutant fibroblasts lacking LDL receptors. The induction was dose-dependent and occurred whether LPL and 125I-lipoproteins were added to incubation media simultaneously or LPL was allowed to bind to cell(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) binds to the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP)/alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor and induces catabolism of normal human very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) via LRP in vitro. Recent studies showed that the C-terminal domain of LPL can bind LRP in solid phase assays and inhibit cellular catabolism of two LRP(More)
Taste responses of normal-weight, obese, and formerly obese individuals for sucrose and fat containing stimuli were examined using a mathematical modelling technique known as the Response Surface Method. The subjects accurately rated intensities of sweetness, fatness, and creaminess of 20 different mixtures of milk, cream, and sugar, and no mixture(More)
Because there are no characteristic clinical or biochemical manifestations, the heterozygote state for lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency has been difficult to detect. Measurements of postheparin plasma LPL activity and of LPL mass were performed in six families of probands with LPL deficiency to characterize the heterozygote state. LPL mass was measured(More)
The hypertriglyceridemia commonly observed in uremia has been attributed to an abnormally high inhibitor activity in plasma for lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and hepatic lipase (HL), both of which have a key role in lipoprotein metabolism. The purpose of this investigation was to establish a relationship between plasma lipase inhibitor activity and(More)
In DNA from a male patient of German and Polish ancestry who has lipoprotein lipase deficiency, sequencing of all nine exons and intron-exon boundaries corresponding to the coding region of the lipoprotein lipase gene detected a C----T transition leading to the substitution of a stop signal for the codon that normally determines a glutamine at position 106(More)
Macrophages are a significant source of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and apolipoprotein E (apo E) in the developing arterial wall lesion, and each of these proteins can importantly modulate lipid and lipoprotein metabolism by arterial wall cells. LPL and apo E share a number of cell surface binding sites, including proteoglycans, and we have previously shown(More)
A monoclonal antibody to lipoprotein lipase (LPL) has been used in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for LPL protein mass. Measurement of LPL immunoreactive mass in pre- and postheparin plasma distinguished three classes of abnormalities in patients with classical deficiency of lipoprotein lipase activity. The class I defect consisted of the(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL), the major lipolytic enzyme involved in the conversion of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins to remnants, was found to compete with binding of activated alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M*) to the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP)/alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor. Bovine milk LPL displaced both 125I-labeled alpha 2M* and(More)