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The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, was mapped using 11 different restriction enzymes and cloned into plasmid vectors. Sequence data obtained from more than 10 kilobases of cod mtDNA show that the genome organization, genetic code, and the overall codon usage have been conserved throughout the evolution of vertebrates.(More)
The zebrafish paired box (Pax) genes are expressed in the early neural tube and are thought to be transcription factors that regulate the differentiation of cells in the central nervous system (CNS). The protein product of one of these Pax genes, pax[b], is detectable as a nuclear antigen in all the regions of the embryo that transcribe the gene including(More)
Recent evidence suggests the involvement of phosphatidylcholine (PC) hydrolysis both in the control of normal cell growth and in transformation. We show here that the simple exogenous addition of Bacillus cereus PC-hydrolyzing phospholipase C (PC-PLC) is sufficient to elicit a potent mitogenic response in Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts by a mechanism that is(More)
The activities of the DNA repair enzymes O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase and uracil-DNA glycosylase, and the replicative enzyme DNA polymerase alpha, were measured in extracts of human fetal tissues at 18-20 weeks of gestation. In general, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase activities in fetal tissues were in the same range as in the(More)
A synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide probe was used to clone the gene encoding the phosphatidylcholine-preferring phospholipase C of Bacillus cereus. The sequence of a 2050-bp restriction fragment containing the gene was determined. Analysis of the gene-derived amino acid (aa) sequence showed that this exoenzyme is probably synthesized as a 283-aa precursor(More)
We have purified uracil DNA-glycosylase (UDG) from calf thymus 32,000-fold and studied its biochemical properties, including sequence specificity. The enzyme is apparently closely related to human UDG, since it was recognised by a polyclonal antibody directed towards human UDG. SDS-PAGE and western analysis indicate an apparent M(r) = 27,500. Bovine UDG has(More)
The products of ras and src oncogenes are thought to be important components in pathways regulating cell proliferation and differentiation. In fibroblasts transformed by these oncogenes, increased diacylglycerol levels have been found which most probably arise from activation of the turnover of phosphatidylcholine. Diacylglycerol is a key activator of(More)
dITP may be generated from dATP by a slow, nonenzymatic hydrolysis. While [3H]dITP was degraded rapidly to [3H]deoxyinosine by HeLa cell nuclear extracts, no net degradation of [3H]dITP was observed in the presence of physiological concentrations of ATP, apparently because the extract contained deoxynucleoside diphosphate kinase activity that regenerated(More)
The phospholipase C-mediated hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine has been shown recently to be activated by a number of agonists. Muscarinic receptors, which trigger various signal transduction mechanisms including inhibition of adenylate cyclase through Gi, have been shown to be potent stimulants of this novel phospholipid degradative pathway. We demonstrate(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the activation of phospholipase C-mediated hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine both by growth factors and by the product of ras oncogene, ras p21. Also, evidence has been presented indicating that the stimulation of this phospholipid-degradative pathway is sufficient to activate mitogenesis in fibroblasts. In Xenopus laevis(More)