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  • Dr. Leif Groop, P. H. Groop, S. Koskimies
  • 1986
In order to study the heterogeneity of Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes, we determined HLA antigens and measured B-cell function as C-peptide response to intravenous glucagon in 217 patients with onset of non-ketotic diabetes after the age of 40 years. Their HLA frequencies were compared with those of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients and(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Microalbuminuria is common in type 1 diabetes and is associated with an increased risk of renal and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to develop and validate a clinical prediction rule that estimates the absolute risk of microalbuminuria. METHODS Data from the European Diabetes Prospective Complications Study (n = 1115) were used to develop(More)
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a devastating complication that affects an estimated third of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). There is no cure once the disease is diagnosed, but early treatment at a sub-clinical stage can prevent or at least halt the progression. DKD is clinically diagnosed as abnormally high urinary albumin excretion rate(More)
Physically active persons have a reduced risk of atherosclerotic disease. Arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A high proportion of type I (slow-twitch) muscle fibers in skeletal muscle is associated with a favorable cardiovascular risk profile. We tested physical activity and muscle(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Homozygosity for a five leucine repeat (5L-5L) in the carnosinase gene (CNDP1) has been found to be cross-sectionally associated with a low frequency of diabetic nephropathy (DN), mainly in type 2 diabetes. We prospectively investigated in patients with type 1 diabetes whether: (1) 5L-5L is associated with mortality; (2) there is an(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Accumulating evidence suggests that serum lipids are associated with cognitive decline and dementias. However, majority of the existing information concerns only serum total cholesterol (TC) and data at the level of lipoprotein fractions and subclasses is limited. The aim of this study was to explore the levels and trends of main(More)
It is assumed that diabetic patients with uraemia have more complications at renal transplantation than those who are not diabetic. We compared the preoperative ECGs, and invasive perioperative haemodynamic and oxygenation parameters in 15 diabetic and 15 non-diabetic uraemic patients undergoing renal transplantation. The number of patients with increased(More)
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