P H Cooke

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The structure of myosin filaments isolated from skinned toad stomach smooth muscle cells has been examined by electron microscopy as a step toward identifying the in vivo structure. When negatively stained following exposure to relaxing conditions, the filaments exhibited a continuous 14-nm axial repeat of crossbridge projections with no central bare zone.(More)
To study the organization of the contractile apparatus in smooth muscle and its behavior during shortening, the movement of dense bodies in contracting saponin skinned, isolated cells was analyzed from digital images collected at fixed time intervals. These cells were optically lucent so that punctate structures, identified immunocytochemically as dense(More)
There are three classes of myofilaments in vertebrate smooth muscle fibers. The thin filaments correspond to actin and the thick filaments are identified with myosin. The third class of myofilaments (100 A diam) is distinguished from both the actin and the myosin on the basis of fine structure, solubility, and pattern of localization in the muscle fibers.(More)
X-ray results are presented concerning the structural state of myosin heads of synthetic filaments in threads. These were made from purified rabbit skeletal muscle myosin and studied by x-ray diffraction and electron microscopy by Cooke et al. (Cooke, P. H., E. M. Bartels, G. F. Elliott, and R. A. Hughes, 1987, Biophys. J., 51:947-957). X-ray patterns show(More)
Chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla contain prominent arrays of microtubules and microfilaments. One population of microtubules radiates from the cytocentrum and permeates the areas of the cytoplasm containing chromaffin granules; the other population of microtubules forms a subplasmalemmal network together with actin-like microfilaments. Hence, the(More)
The contractile elements of single, skinned amphibian smooth muscle cells were resolved as fibrils containing F-actin and side-polar myosin filaments and adjacent cytoplasmic dense bodies, containing alpha-actinin and actin. The fibrils were found to be linked axially through actin filaments to the dense bodies, by electron microscopy. The arrangement of(More)
To determine the natural history of dislocation of the hip in cerebral palsy, and to evolve methods to predict dislocation, the notes and radiographs of 462 patients with cerebral palsy were reviewed. Dislocation occurred in 10% of patients by progressive migration and subluxation of the proximal femur in the presence of acetabular dysplasia. Statistical(More)
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