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Immunoelectron microscopy was used to study the nature and origin of 'gap' filaments in frog semitendinosus muscle. Gap filaments are fine longitudinal filaments observable only in sarcomeres stretched beyond thick/thin filament overlap: they occupy the gap between the tips of thick and thin filaments. To test whether the gap filaments are part of the(More)
In electron micrographs of striated muscle, the I-band often shows a distinct cross-striation. The periodicity of this striation is near 40 nm and has been attributed to troponin, which is localized along the thin filament. However, the cross-striation is often so prominent as to be suggestive of physical structures running transversely across the I-band.(More)
The effect of resting tension and external force on the rigor crossbridge angle was investigated in insect flight muscle (Honeybee, Apis mellifera). In the presence of resting tension, bridges were either perpendicular to the filament axis or tilted towards the M-line. In shortened, slack muscle, bridges remained perpendicular or were tilted towards the(More)
Despite widespread controversy still surrounding the phenomenon, stepwise shortening has now been confirmed by five independent methods in this laboratory, and by several other methods in different laboratories. In this paper we offer preliminary evidence obtained with the most recent method--measurement of 'isotonic muscle length transients'. We find that(More)
Earlier reports from this and other laboratories indicated that thick filaments may be interconnected along their length by rung-like structures. This study was carried out to test whether these interconnections are genuine structures; whether they appear in different muscle types; and whether they arise from myosin cross-bridges. We studied insect flight(More)
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