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Voltage clamp technique was used to study macroscopic ionic currents in Rana esculenta oocytes. Depolarization steps led to the activation of a single type of outward current (Iout) when contaminant potassium and calcium-dependent chloride currents were pharmacologically inhibited. The voltage threshold of Iout activation was 10 mV and this current, which(More)
Two inward currents were observed in crayfish muscle membrane during depolarization steps by the method described by Adrian et al. (1970). Under voltage clamp conditions, hyperpolarization steps elicited a large current (leak current If), associated with an inward voltage dependent current. This inward current was inhibited by niflumic acid (NA), a drug(More)
The effects of cyclic AMP (cAMP) and cyclic GMP (cGMP) on dihydropyridine sensitive Ca2+ channels were investigated under voltage-clamp in defolliculated Pleurodeles oocytes. Intracellular injection of cAMP or extracellular application of the permeable cAMP analogue (8-Bromo cAMP, 8Br-cAMP) decreased the Ba current (IBa). This effect on IBa was blocked by(More)
Using the whole cell voltage-clamp technique and a C1 free and Na free Ba methane sulfonate solution, stage V and VI Xenopus oocytes demonstrated a Ba current (endogenous component) with a peak amplitude average of 6 nA (6 +/- 2 nA). When oocytes were injected with crustacean skeletal muscle mRNA, an additional component of IBa could be detected (exogenous(More)
In normal medium supplemented with 10 mM tetraethylammonium chloride (TEACl), membrane depolarizations of immature Rana esculenta oocytes elicited an oscillatory outward current associated with a voltage-dependent H+ current (IH+). The voltage threshold of these oscillations was 22 +/- 5 (n = 10). The oscillations were blocked by intracellular injection of(More)
Rat cerebellar RNA injected into Xenopus oocytes leads to the expression of putative P-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs). The monitoring of intracellular Ca2+ variations by recording the Ca2+ dependent chloride current in voltage clamped oocytes indicates that activation of these Ca2+ channels by depolarization gives rise to two distinct(More)
The double electrode voltage-clamp technique was used to study voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels in Pleurodeles oocytes. From a holding potential of -80 mV, Ba-current (IBa) (recorded in Cl-free solution, Ba(2+ = 40 mM) activated at -36.7 +/- 4 mV, peaked at -11.6 +/- 4 mV and reversed at 55 +/- 7 mV (n = 24). This current activated slowly (rise time was(More)
Xenopus oocytes injected with embryonic guinea-pig brain mRNA expressed functional P2Y purinoceptors. Extracellular ATP stimulated in a dose-dependent manner a delayed Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- current component. Analysis of the interactions of ATP with compounds that affect Ca2+ fluxes through the plasma membrane or Ca2+ release from internal stores indicates(More)
In voltage-clamped Xenopus oocytes injected with embryonic guinea pig mRNA, effective concentrations of extracellular ATP elicited an inward fluctuating current. This current, carried by Cl-ions, was mainly dependent upon liberation of Ca2+ ions from stores as demonstrated by experiments using intracellular EGTA loading and TMB-8 superfusion. Neomycin(More)