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The fine structure of pig oocytes at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage and early preimplantation embryos (one to four blastomeres) isolated at slaughter was investigated by cytochemical and immunocytochemical methods. The distribution of nucleic acids and ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) in “compact nucleoli” [denominated nucleolus-like bodies (NLB) in oocytes and(More)
Fine structural cytochemistry and immunocytochemistry were used to study nucleic acids and nuclear proteins in nuclear bodies (NB) of pronuclear and 2-cell bovine and caprine embryos on ultrathin sections of paraformaldehyde fixed and Lowicryl K4M or LR White embedded specimens. The most striking feature detected in some of these nuclear bodies (NBs) was(More)
Heifers (n=31) were superovulated with an FSH-P/cloprostenol regimen, and at 12 and 24 hours after the onset of estrus they were inseminated. Blood sampling for LH analyses and ultrasound scanning of the ovaries were performed at 4-hours intervals. The scanning, at which the first and last ovulations were recorded, was performed at 22.7 +/- 1.5 (mean +/-(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the development and ultrastructure of preimplantation bovine embryos that were exposed to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in vitro. The embryos were recovered from superovulated and fertilized Holstein-Friesian donor cows on day 6 of the estrous cycle. Compact morulae were microinjected with 20 pl of BVDV(More)
Small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) were localized using human autoimmune or monoclonal anti-snRNP antibodies and ultrastructural immunocytochemistry in early preimplantation bovine embryos before and at transcription onset. Bovine cleavage stages up to 16-cell embryos were obtained either by culture of in vitro-fertilized ovarian oocytes or by(More)
Early bovine precompacted embryos (at 1- to 8-blastomere stage) were analyzed by electron microscopy. The volume density of cellular components was determined by morphometric analysis to quantify the ultrastructure of early bovine embryos produced either in vivo or parthenogenetically after stimulation of oocytes by electric pulse AC/DC. In embryos obtained(More)
Early preimplantation goat embryos were investigated for the onset of major gene transcription by fine-structure morphology and autoradiographic detection of (5-(3)H)uridine incorporation. Complex nuclear bodies were already seen in early pronuclei but only in the 16-cell embryos did these methodologies offer clear-cut evidence of the already(More)
Early preimplantation bovine embryos at 8- or 16-cell stage were analysed by [5-3H]uridine autoradiography for distribution of newly synthesized RNA after 60Co irradiation with a single dose of 1 Gy, 2 Gy or 4 Gy gamma rays, respectively. Embryos irradiated with a single dose of 1 Gy showed equally decreased synthesis of RNA in nucleoplasma as well as in(More)
Supplementing morphological assessment of oocytes cultured in vitro by examination of their dehydrogenase activity will help to bring about control of the mechanisms of their normal development and subsequent fertilization. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and glutamate dehydrogenase activity in dividing oocytes of laboratory animals, namely rats and rabbits(More)