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Evidence is presented that pairing between the human X and Y chromosomes could be more extensive at early pachytene than has previously been supposed and could involve even the entire euchromatic portion of the Y chromosome. Following desynapsis over the major part of the X and Y axes, a small paired segment of Xp and Yp remains into late pachytene.(More)
The correct sequence of meiotic prophase development in the male mouse has been established by the use of pubertal males. The first wave of spermatogenesis at this time provides a unique opportunity to study progressive meiotic development in a direct way. Air-dried and micro-spread analyses have been carried out. Temporal and morphological progression at(More)
Analysis of the chromosome behaviour at pachytene has been performed by means of the silver staining technique visualizing the synaptonemal complexes (SCs) in male mice heterozygous for the male-sterile translocations T(5;12)31H, T(16;17)43H and T(7;19)145H, respectively. The T(9;17)138Ca male heterozygotes and T43H/T43H homozygous males were used as(More)
Cytogenetic and molecular genetic findings in 91 patients with Turner syndrome are reported. In 87 patients, chromosome studies were carried out both in lymphocyte and fibroblast cultures. Mosaicism was demonstrated in 58 of these patients (66.7%), whereas only 18 (20.7%) were apparent non-mosaic 45,X, and 11 patients (12.6%) showed non-mosaic structural(More)
From investigations of the vertebrate immune system gender specific differences in individual immunocompetence are well known. In general, females seem to possess more powerful immune systems than males. In invertebrates, the situation is much less clear. Therefore, we investigated the immune system of an invertebrate species, the scorpionfly Panorpa(More)
A prophenoloxidase (PPO) was purified from the hemolymph of the larvae of Galleria mellonella. A 135-fold purification of the proenzyme with 25% yield was achieved by a combination of different chromatographic methods. An alternative micropreparation of pure PPO by a novel method for native electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel is also described. The(More)
Attention-deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a multifactorial disorder clinically characterized by inattentiveness, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The occurrence of this disorder is between 3 and 6% of the children population, with boys predominating over girls at a ratio of 3:1 or more. The research of some candidate genes (DRD4, DAT, DRD5, DBH,(More)
We present the results from the largest clinical application of QF-PCR for antenatal rapid aneuploidy detection (RAD) in routine prenatal diagnosis in the Czech Republic. QF-PCR was performed in addition to karyotyping (dual testing) in two settings: the first was a single multiplex reaction testing only trisomy 21 and amelogenin X/Y alleles in the second(More)
Although spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3)/Machado-Joseph disease is the most common type of SCA worldwide, we did not identify any cases of the disease amongst SCA patients in the Czech population. It has been proposed that the prevalence of large normal alleles correlates with the frequency of various types of SCA. We have therefore attempted to(More)
ADHD is a multifactorial disorder clinically characterized by inattentiveness, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The occurrence of this disorder varies between 3 and 6% of the child population, with boys predominating over girls at a ratio of 3 : 1 or more. Dysfunction or imbalance between the dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems of neurotransmitters can(More)