P. G. Standard

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Isolation and identification of pathogenic Aspergillus and Fusarium spp. from clinical materials provide the most accurate means for establishing a diagnosis of infections by these molds. Such efforts, however, are not always successful. Histologic diagnosis also has its limitations. In vivo the hyphae of Aspergillus and Fusarium spp. are very similar and(More)
Disseminated penicilliosis marneffei is an emerging opportunistic mycosis seen in severely immunocompromised human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and is caused by the dimorphic fungus Penicillium marneffei. Early diagnosis and treatment improve clinical outcome. Proper diagnosis is complicated by nonspecific signs and symptoms and by(More)
Culture filtrate antigens of Basidiobolus ranarum and Conidiobolus coronatus were analyzed by immunodiffusion (ID) with homologous rabbit antisera. B. ranarum and C. coronatus were each found to have five specific antigens. Results of tests with heterologous antisera indicated that all of the species shared at least one antigen. ID tests incorporating the(More)
An immunological procedure for the rapid and specific identification of Coccidioides immitis isolates has been developed. The specificity of the procedure is based on the fact that C. immitis produces antigens that are not produced by morphologically similar fungi. The procedure involved the transfer of heavy mold-form inocula to flasks that contained small(More)
Identification of the newly named pathogenic oomycete Pythium insidiosum and its differentiation from other Pythium species by morphologic criteria alone can be difficult and time-consuming. Antigenic analysis by fluorescent-antibody and immunodiffusion precipitin techniques demonstrated that the P. insidiosum isolates that cause pythiosis in dogs, horses,(More)
Penicillium marneffei (ATCC 24100) was first isolated from a naturally acquired human infection in the U.S.A. by DiSalvo et al. in 1973. In 1979, this isolate was studied by Pitt who reidentified it as Penicillium primulinum. This prompted us to examine the antigenic relationship between P. marneffei and P. primulinum by comparing their exoantigens. The(More)
A practical, sensitive, and specific immunodiffusion test was developed for diagnosing and monitoring pythiosis in horses. Culture filtrates, a soluble cell mass, and trypsinized Pythium sp. antigens were evaluated against prepared rabbit anti-Pythium sp. serum and pythiosis horse case sera. The culture filtrate antigens demonstrated the greatest capacity(More)
A chemiluminescent DNA probe (Accuprobe) assay developed by Gen Probe, Inc., for the rapid identification of Histoplasma capsulatum was evaluated and compared with the exoantigen test by using 162 coded cultures including Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum, Histoplasma capsulatum var. duboisii, Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum, Blastomyces(More)
Exoantigen tests for the immunoidentification of fungal pathogens are playing a new and significant role in the diagnostic laboratory. Properly performed and controlled exoantigen tests lead to rapid, accurate identification of cultures of many fungal pathogens. The tests are particularly valuable in identifying dimorphic pathogens that are difficult to(More)
Phialophora verrucosa and P. americana, two dematiaceous hyphomycetes, are known to cause chromoblastomycosis. Even though most medical mycologists consider P. americana as synonymous with P. verrucosa, others maintain them as two distinct species on the basis that the phialides of P. americana have deeper collarettes than those of P. verrucosa. Thirty-two(More)