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When rats are exposed to highly stressful events over which they have no control, they subsequently show many of the symptoms seen in depression in humans. In the attempt to discover neurochemical factors underlying depression, the neurochemical basis of stress-induced behavioural depression in rats has been studied extensively. Initial research (1968-1976)(More)
This experiment demonstrated that behavioral depression produced by exposure of rats to strong uncontrollable shocks could be reversed by infusion of the alpha-2 adrenergic agonist clonidine into the region of the locus coeruleus (LC). A 20-min infusion, through bilateral cannulae, into the locus coeruleus of clonidine, piperoxane (alpha-2 antagonist) or(More)
These studies examined how pharmacological stimulation and blockade of alpha receptors would affect active motor behavior in rats. In experiment I, alpha-2 receptor antagonists (piperoxane, yohimbine) and agonists [clonidine, norepinephrine (NE)] were infused into various locations in the ventricular system of the brain, including the locus coeruleus(More)
Behavioral depression produced by exposing animals to a stressor that they cannot control (uncontrollable shock) was reversed by infusion of the monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor pargyline into the locus coeruleus (LC) region of the brain stem. Following exposure to uncontrollable shock, rats were infused through bilateral cannulas implanted in the LC(More)
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