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The aim of this study was to determine whether Helicobacter pylori activates mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases in gastric epithelial cells. Infection of AGS cells with an H. pylori cag+ strain rapidly (5 min) induced a dose-dependent activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAP kinases, as(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been linked to the development of a variety of human malignancies, including Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, some T cell lymphomas, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease, and more recently, certain cancers of the stomach and smooth muscle. This review summarizes these associations and(More)
The gravitational-wave (GW) sky may include nearby pointlike sources as well as stochastic backgrounds. We perform two directional searches for persistent GWs using data from the LIGO S5 science run: one optimized for pointlike sources and one for arbitrary extended sources. Finding no evidence to support the detection of GWs, we present 90% confidence(More)
Polymerase chain reaction using specific primers, failed to detect HTLV-I amplicons in patients with rheumatic diseases previously shown to possess antibodies to retroviral products. However, by employing broad spectrum oligonucleotide primers, 135 bp amplicons were generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells and synovial fluid cells. Subsequent(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human herpesvirus that is usually carried lifelong as an asymptomatic infection. EBV is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis and has been linked to the development of several malignant tumours, including B-cell neoplasms such as Burkitt's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease, certain forms of T-cell lymphoma, and some(More)
Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is virtually always associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. BCL-2 and other proteins that confer resistance to apoptosis have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of malignancies including lymphomas. One EBV protein, BHRF1, is a homologue of BCL-2, whereas another, the latency(More)
3-M syndrome is a primordial growth disorder caused by mutations in CUL7, OBSL1 or CCDC8. 3-M patients typically have a modest response to GH treatment, but the mechanism is unknown. Our aim was to screen 13 clinically identified 3-M families for mutations, define the status of the GH-IGF axis in 3-M children and using fibroblast cell lines assess(More)
Monoclonal antibodies directed against the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear protein 1 (EBNA1) were used to examine conventional paraffin sections from a series of EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders by immunohistochemistry. The presence of latent EBV infection in tumor cells was determined by in situ hybridization for the Epstein-Barr virus early RNAs(More)
Although the latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is believed to be important for the transformation of germinal centre (GC) B cells, the precise contribution of this viral oncogene to lymphoma development is poorly understood. In this study, we used a non-viral vector-based method to express LMP1 in primary human GC B cells.(More)
Epstein–Barr virus has been associated with a proportion of typical gastric adenocarcinomas. Here we report that the prevalence of Epstein–Barr virus in gastric adenocarcinomas from the United Kingdom is one of the lowest in the World. Gastric adenocarcinoma is another tumour whose association with Epstein–Barr virus varies with the population studied.