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Although initial research interest in the ETs was focused on their cardiovascular effects, it is now clearly established that these peptides have wide-ranging activities in the respiratory track. Importantly, ET-1 is synthesized, stored, released and metabolized in the lung, suggesting that these activities may be relevant to both physiological function and(More)
The potent bronchoconstrictor and mitogenic actions of the peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) on airway smooth muscle may contribute significantly to the bronchial obstruction observed in asthma. However, the status of the receptor-effector systems that mediate these actions of ET-1 in asthmatic airways is currently unknown. Thus, we have used quantitative(More)
1. Autoradiographic studies were conducted to investigate the receptor subtypes for endothelin-1 (ET-1) that were present in the ovine respiratory tract. In addition, the receptor subtypes mediating contraction of airway smooth muscle and the possible involvement of extracellular Ca2+ and inositol phosphate generation in intracellular signal transduction(More)
CD4(+) T cells are thought to play a major role in the initiation and perpetuation of T helper cell, type 2 (Th2)-like allergic airway inflammation. However, it is not clear whether activation of resident antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells is in itself sufficient to induce such a phenotype. Using ovalbumin (OVA)-specific alphabeta-T cell receptor transgenic(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on cholinergic nerve-mediated contractions in rat isolated tracheal smooth muscle by use of electrical-field stimulation (EFS) and [3H]choline efflux studies. EFS (80 V, 0.5 ms, 0.1-30 Hz for 10 s) evoked transient, frequency-dependent contractions of isolated tracheal preparations.(More)
Ag-specific activation of CD4(+) T cells is known to be causative for the cytokine production associated with lung allergy. Chemokine-induced leukocyte recruitment potentially represents a critical early event in Ag-induced lung inflammation. Whether Ag-specific, lung CD4(+) T cell activation is important in lung chemokine production is currently not clear.(More)
1. In this study we have compared the effects of parainfluenza-1 respiratory tract viral infection on the density and function of ETA and ETB receptors in rat and mouse tracheal airway smooth muscle. 2. The bronchoconstrictor effect of inhaled methacholine was significantly enhanced in virus-infected rats, at both 4 and 12 days post-inoculation. That is,(More)
The effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and sarafotoxin S6c (S6c) on cholinergic contractions elicited by electrical field stimulation (EFS) were examined in mouse tracheal preparations from healthy animals and from animals infected with parainfluenza-1 (P-1) virus. S6c (an ETB-selective agonist) and ET-1 caused marked ETA and/or ETB receptor-mediated(More)
[125I]-endothelin-1 ([125I]-ET-1) binding was assessed by autoradiography in peripheral airway smooth muscle and alveolar wall tissue in human non-asthmatic and asthmatic peripheral lung. Levels of specific binding to these structures were similar in both non-asthmatic and asthmatic lung. The use of the receptor subtype-selective ligands, BQ-123 (ETA) and(More)