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The remediation of the highly contaminated site around the former chemical plant of ACNA (near Savona) in Northern Italy is a top priority in Italy. The aim of the present work was to contribute in finding innovative and environmental-friendly technology to remediate soils from the ACNA contaminated site. Two soils sampled from the ACNA site (A and B),(More)
The high hydrophobicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) strongly reduces their bioavailability in aged contaminated soils, thus limiting their bioremediation. The biodegradation of PAHs in soils can be enhanced by employing surface-active agents. However, chemical surfactants are often recalcitrant and exert toxic effects in the amended soils.(More)
Effective phytoremediation of soils contaminated by heavy metals depends on their availability to plant uptake that, in turn, may be influenced by either the existing soil humus or an exogenous humic matter. We amended an organic and a mineral soil with an exogenous humic acid (HA) in order to enhance the soil organic carbon (SOC) content by 1% and 2%. The(More)
Soil amendment with pyrogenic carbon (biochar) is discussed as strategy to improve soil fertility to enable economic plus environmental benefits. In temperate soils, however, the use of pure biochar mostly has moderately-negative to -positive yield effects. Here we demonstrate that co-composting considerably promoted biochars' positive effects, largely by(More)
Preparative high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) was used to size-fractionate a humic acid (HA) solution with 0.05 M ionic strength before and after having made the humic solution 0.5 x 10(-3) M in acetic acid (AcOH). Size-fractions were characterized by pyrolysis-gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry (Pyr-GC-MS) and 1H NMR spectroscopy.(More)
A synthetic water-soluble meso-tetra(2,6-dichloro-3-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrinate of iron(III) chloride, Fe(TDCPPS)Cl, was employed as a biomimetic catalyst in the oxidative coupling of terrestrial humic materials. High-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC), solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (CPMAS-(13)C NMR), electron paramagnetic resonance(More)
Changes in molecular size distributions of four different humic materials were evaluated through high performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC), before and after treating humic solutions with naturally occurring dicarboxylic (oxalic, malonic, succinic and glutaric) acids. Chromatograms of dissolved humic substances showed a decrease in peak(More)
Fast field cycling (FFC) NMR relaxometry has been used to study the conformational properties of aqueous solutions of hyaluronan (HYA) at three concentrations in the range 10 to 25 mg mL(-1). Results revealed that, irrespective of the solution concentration, three different hydration layers surround hyaluronan. The inner layer consists of water molecules(More)
Cross-polarized magic-angle-spinning NMR (CPMAS-NMR) techniques are assumed to be only semi-quantitative in the assessment of carbon distribution in humic substances or natural organic matter, due to a number of interferences such as spinning side bands (SSB) in spectra, paramagnetic species in samples, and low or remote protonation of aromatic carbons.(More)
Biomass-derived biochar is considered as a promising heavy metal adsorbent, due to abundance of polar functional groups, such as carboxylic, hydroxyl, and amino groups, which are available for heavy metal removal. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of an orchard pruning-derived biochar in removing some heavy metals (through the(More)