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The formation of A beta and A beta-containing fragments is likely a key event in the process of neural degeneration in Alzheimer's disease. The N-terminal residue (Asp-1) of A beta and its C-terminally extended sequences is liberated from the beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) by beta-secretase(s). This activity appears highly increased by the(More)
gamma-Secretase activity is involved in the generation of Abeta and therefore likely contributes to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Blocking this activity was seen as a major therapeutic target to slow down or arrest Abeta-related AD progression. This strategy seemed more doubtful when it was established that gamma-secretase also targets other(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, cortical areas of affected patients are invaded by extracellular proteinous deposits called senile plaques, the main component of which is called amyloid beta-peptide or A beta. This peptide derives from the proteolytic attack of a precursor, the beta-amyloid precursor protein, by two enzymes called beta- and gamma-secretases.(More)
Binding to gastrin receptors and gastric acid secretion experiments were performed with gastrin derivatives modified at the C-terminal tetrapeptide amide from HG-13 sequence. 1. When the ultimate phenylalanine amide was replaced by a phenethylester or a phenetylamide moiety, the resulting compound bound to gastrin receptors (Kd approximately 10 nM) and(More)
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