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Retrieving a large amount of genetic information from extinct species was demonstrated feasible, but complete mitochondrial genome sequences have only been deciphered for the moa, a bird that became extinct a few hundred years ago, and for Pleistocene species, such as the woolly mammoth and the mastodon, both of which could be studied from animals embedded(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation plays a crucial role in cell proliferation and cell transformation which suggests that tyrosine kinase-specific inhibitors might be used as anticancer agents. When the cytotoxic effect of the potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein on various cell lines was studied, we observed that 9-hydroxyellipticine-resistant Chinese hamster(More)
Retroviruses contain a dimeric RNA consisting of two identical molecules of genomic RNA. The interaction between the two monomers is thought to occur near their 5'ends. We previously identified a region upstream from the splice donor site, comprising an autocomplementary sequence, responsible for the formation of dimeric HIV-1Lai RNA [Muriaux, D., Girard,(More)
One salient feature of reverse transcription in retroviruses, notably in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1, is that it requires the homologous nucleocapsid (NC) protein acting as a chaperoning partner of the genomic RNA template and the reverse transcriptase, from the initiation to the completion of viral DNA synthesis. This short review on the NC(More)
Retroviral genomes consist of two identical RNA molecules joined non-covalently near their 5'-ends. Recently, we showed that an imperfect autocomplementary sequence, located in the L3 domain, plays an essential role in avian sarcoma-leukosis virus (ASLV) RNA dimerization in vitro. This sequence can adopt a stem-loop structure and is involved in ASLV(More)
Intoplicine (RP 60475, NSC 645008) is an antitumor derivative in the 7H-benzo[e]pyrido[4,3-b]indole series which is now being tested in clinical trials. Intoplicine strongly binds DNA (KA = 2 x 10(5) M-1) and thereby increases the length of linear DNA. These properties are consistent with DNA unwinding by intoplicine. Intoplicine was found to be a dual(More)
An essential step of the reverse transcription of the HIV-1 genome is the first strand transfer that requires the annealing of the TAR RNA hairpin to the cTAR DNA hairpin. HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein (NC) plays a crucial role by facilitating annealing of the complementary hairpins. Using nuclear magnetic resonance and gel retardation assays, we investigated(More)
The mature HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein NCp7 (NC) plays a key role in reverse transcription facilitating the two obligatory strand transfers. Several properties contribute to its efficient chaperon activity: preferential binding to single-stranded regions, nucleic acid aggregation, helix destabilization, and rapid dissociation from nucleic acids. However,(More)
Retroviral genomes consist of two identical RNA molecules joined noncovalently near their 5'-ends. Recently, two models have been proposed for RNA dimer formation on the basis of results obtained in vitro with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA and Moloney murine leukemia virus RNA. It was first proposed that viral RNA dimerizes by forming an(More)
Ellipticines are aromatic compounds that intercalate between DNA base pairs and display significant antitumor activity. The cytotoxicity of these compounds is mediated by DNA topoisomerase II, and the presence of a hydroxy group at position 9 of the pyridocarbazole ring system of ellipticines has been found to be essential for high levels of cytotoxicity.(More)