P Fogarty-Mack

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BACKGROUND Remifentanil hydrochloride is an ultra-short-acting, esterase-metabolized mu-opioid receptor agonist. This study compared the use of remifentanil or fentanyl during elective supratentorial craniotomy for space-occupying lesions. METHODS Sixty-three adults gave written informed consent for this prospective, randomized, double-blind,(More)
PURPOSE To examine the distribution of arterial hypotension surrounding arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) using a standardized system of vascular zones. METHODS Mean arterial pressures were recorded during superselective cerebral angiography in 96 patients with AVMs (before they underwent liquid polymer embolization) with the use of a system of vascular(More)
To study the pathophysiology of idiopathic postoperative brain swelling or hemorrhage after arteriovenous malformation resection, termed normal perfusion pressure breakthrough (NPPB), we performed cerebral blood flow (CBF) studies during 152 operations in 143 patients, using the xenon-133 intravenous injection method. In the first part of the study, CBF was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The mechanism of adaptation to chronic cerebral hypotension in normal brain adjacent to cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is unknown. To clarify these mechanisms, we performed cerebral blood flow (CBF) studies in structurally and functionally normal vascular territories during 53 distal cerebral angiographic procedures in 37(More)
BACKGROUND Remifentanil, a rapidly metabolized mu-opioid agonist, may offer advantages for neurosurgical procedures in which prolonged anesthetic effects can delay assessment of the patient. This study compared the effects of remifentanilnitrous oxide on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and carbon dioxide reactivity with those of fentanyl-nitrous oxide anesthesia(More)
In this study the authors determined the effect of papaverine on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the angiographically normal arteriolar beds of patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) who underwent transfemoral superselective angiography. Middle cerebral artery (MCA) branch vessels were catheterized during 10 procedures performed in nine(More)
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