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BACKGROUND Thrombocytopenia is frequently encountered in critically ill patients with the sepsis syndrome, but its mechanisms frequently remain undetermined. Hemophagocytosis has been reported as a cause of thrombocytopenia in various diseases. This prospective study was designed to assess: (1) the incidence of hemophagocytosis in patients suffering from(More)
Standard techniques of karyotypic analysis of bone marrow or peripheral blood cells generally use large numbers of cells. Thus, the quantity of cells harvested from one bone marrow or blood puncture frequently represents a limiting factor for other assays such as molecular biology or flow cytometry, which are often essential for the diagnosis of(More)
Specific high titre polyclonal antibodies rapidly obtained by intralymphnode immunization of rabbits with recombinant M-CSF and LIF (< 60 micrograms/animal) have been used to develop specific, accurate and sensitive EIAs. The same batch of purified anti-M-CSF or anti-LIF Igs has been used for the coating of 96-well plates (capture antibody) and for the(More)
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), initially described as a growth factor of the mononuclear phagocytic lineage, also participates in immunological and inflammatory reactions, bone metabolism and pregnancy. All its biological activities are mediated by a tyrosine kinase receptor (M-CSF-R) that is encoded by the c-fms protooncogene. After a brief(More)
Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF), a pleiotropic cytokine detected in various inflammatory body fluids, plays a poorly defined role in the pathogenesis of human disease. This study was conducted to correlate the LIF concentrations in pleural effusions with the type of pathology and to compare its levels with those of IL-4, IL-8, IL-10 and M-CSF for a given(More)
Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) acts on the growth and differentiation of haematopoietic cells. By using a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for human LIF, we demonstrate that human bone marrow stromal cells produce LIF. LIF synthesis is enhanced in a dose-dependent manner after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phorbol 12-myristate(More)
The immunodeficiency of patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) is related to multiple and complex alterations of the cytokine network and of its target cells such as T or B lymphocytes, monocytes, fibroblasts or endothelial cells. Chronic activation of monocytic functions is recognized as a key factor in these immunological disorders. Since macrophage(More)
Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (M-CSF), which is permanently present in blood and human bone marrow, regulates the proliferation, differentiation and functions of cells of the mononuclear-phagocytic lineage. By using Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) we demonstrate that human marrow stromal cells express two types of M-CSF(More)