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The x-ray standing waves generated by dynamical Bragg diffraction were used to directly measure lattice locations of trace elements within and at the surface of a mineral single crystal. These high-precision measurements were made on natural Iceland spar calcite cleaved along the (1014) plane and reacted with a dilute aqueous lead solution. Within the bulk(More)
  • M J Bedzyk, A Kazimirov, D L Marasco, T.-L Lee, C M Foster, G.-R Bai +2 others
  • 2000
An x-ray-diffraction method that directly senses the phase of the structure factor is demonstrated and used for determining the local polarity of thin ferroelectric films. This method is based on the excitation of an x-ray standing-wave field inside the film as a result of the interference between the strong incident x-ray wave and the weak kinematically(More)
The atomic-scale structure of Zn2+ incorporated at the CaCO 3 (101 :4) surface by adsorption from solution was determined by X-ray standing wave triangulation and surface extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. At low coverage (approximately 0.1 ML), Zn2+ substitutes for Ca2+ in the surface layer. Structural relaxation of the adjacent(More)
We have instrumented the 5ID-C hutch of DND-CAT at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) for x-ray surface spectroscopy and scattering. A wide variety of experiments have already been carried out at 5ID-C, including studies on semiconductors, oxides, metals, nanodots, and biomolecular adsorption. We describe the beamline optics, data collection hardware and(More)
The surface structures of the (6 x 2), c(8 x 4) and (5 × 1) phases of Sn/Si(001) were studied using the X-ray standing wave technique. Using the (004) and (022) Bragg reflections, we find that the (6 x 2) and c(8 × 4) phases are composed of highly buckled Sn-Sn ad-dimers located 1.58 i above the bulk-like Si(004) surface atomic plane. The Sn atoms occupy(More)
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