P F Kremer

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Thrombi located in the left atrial appendage are frequently not detected with conventional two-dimensional echocardiography. The transesophageal echocardiographic approach readily visualizes left atrial morphology and may be used as an alternative. In 6 of 21 patients with mitral valve stenosis, a left atrial appendage thrombus was diagnosed by(More)
In 16 patients with recent myocardial infarction (3 to 12 week old) and with large left ventricular thrombi systemic thrombolysis with urokinase was performed. Left ventricular thrombi were diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiography; in all patients the mural thrombus was located in the area of recent myocardial infarction. Each of three patients(More)
Cardiac imaging by transthoracic two dimensional echocardiography is impaired in patients with chronic lung disease, those with obesity, and those with abnormal chest wall configuration. In order to overcome these limitations, a miniature phased array ultrasound transducer fitted to the tip of a commercially available gastroscope was developed. Transducer(More)
We investigated the expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1), a polypeptide differentiation factor probably associated with angiogenic properties in chronically hypoperfused heart tissue. A slowly swelling ameroid constrictor was implanted around the coronary circumflex artery (CX) of young domestic pigs. Two to three weeks after,(More)
The ability of two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) to quantitate the atrial septal defect size and left-to-right shunt magnitude was examined in 75 adult patients with simple ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with left-to-right shunts of 19-92% of systemic flow as determined by oximetry. The ASD was visualized in 71 of 75 (95%) patients(More)
Conventional 2-dimensional echocardiography has become a well-established tool for evaluating cardiovascular diseases. Recent introduction of 2-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography has widened the ultrasonic examination possibilities of the heart and great arteries. The 6 standard transesophageal transducer positions that have proved representative(More)