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We have previously shown that the treatment with diallyl sulfide (DAS) and phenylethyl isothiocyanate (PIC) of rats receiving ethanol in the alcohol tube-feeding model effectively suppressed the induction of cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) by ethanol. Here we report that rat treatment with DAS and PIC significantly decreased the trapping of hydroxyethyl free(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We have previously reported that alcoholics have increased titers of immunoglobulins reacting with protein adducts of hydroxyethyl free radicals. Because hydroxyethyl radicals are produced during ethanol metabolism by liver microsomes, the aim of this study was to determine whether such antibodies recognize microsomal proteins complexed(More)
In the Tsukamoto-French model, ethanol causes an important 10-20-fold induction of ethanol-inducible cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1), mediated through enzyme stabilization and increased rate of gene transcription. The CYP2E1 induction results in a pronounced increase in the rate of NADPH-dependent microsomal lipid peroxidation, an elevation which is not seen(More)
This study was done to determine if a relationship exists between CYP2E1 induction by ethanol, lipid peroxidation, and liver pathology in experimental alcohol-induced liver disease in the rat. Rats were fed ethanol with or without diallyl sulfide (DAS) or phenethyl isothiocyanate (PIC) intragastrically for 1 month. CYP2E1 induction by ethanol was correlated(More)
The role of cytochrome P450 metabolism of fatty acids and lipid peroxidation in the alterations of the fatty acid composition of the liver and liver pathology was investigated. The CYP2E1 inhibitors partially prevented CYP2E1 induction by ethanol and completely blocked lipid peroxidation. However, the liver pathology induced by ethanol was only partially(More)
This study looked at the possible association between alcohol abuse and free radical mediated oxidative injury by examining the presence of oxidative damage, as monitored by erythrocyte malonildialdehyde and plasma lipid hydroperoxides, in patients with liver cirrhosis and different lifetime daily alcohol intake. All patients with an alcohol intake above(More)
Electron spin resonance (EPR) spectroscopy analysis using the spin trapping agent 4-pyridyl-1-oxide-t-butyl nitrone (4-POBN) was used to measure the formation of free radical intermediates during NADPH-dependent oxidation of 1-methyl-, 1-ethyl-, and 1-isopropylhydrazine in rat liver microsomes and in reconstituted enzyme systems. The experiments in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We reported previously that patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) have circulating immunoglobulins reacting with cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) complexed with hydroxyethyl free radicals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether hydroxyethyl radical adducts are present on the plasma membranes of ethanol-treated hepatocytes and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We have previously shown that hydroxyethyl free radicals produced during cytochrome P4502E1-mediated oxidation of ethanol covalently bind to microsomal proteins. The present study examined whether alkylation of proteins by hydroxyethyl radicals induces an immunologic response in alcoholic patients. METHODS A microplate enzyme-linked(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Animal studies have shown that the induction of cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) modulates oxidative damage induced by ethanol. Since CYP2E1 activity varies substantially in humans, we have investigated whether differences in CYP2E1 activity might influence the formation of hydroxyethyl free radicals and the stimulation of lipid peroxidation(More)