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Arterial branchings closely fulfill several "bifurcation rules" which are deemed to optimize blood flow. The question is whether these local criteria in conjunction with a general optimization principle can explain the overall structure of an arterial tree. We present a model of an arterial vascular tree which is grown on the computer by successively adding(More)
The structure of a complex arterial tree model is generated on the computer using the newly developed method of "constrained constructive optimization." The model tree is grown step by step, at each stage of development fulfilling invariant boundary conditions for pressures and flows. The development of structure is governed by adopting minimum volume(More)
OBJECTIVE To show that in patients with endometriosis a 6 kD polypeptide, the tumour-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI), can occur at elevated concentrations in serum. DESIGN In a prospective study TATI serum levels were assessed prior to surgery in 368 consecutive patients suffering from benign gynaecological diseases (e.g. pelvic pain, infertility,(More)
The prognostic influence of CA 125 regression between the time point before surgery and after two completed courses of chemotherapy was studied in 210 patients with advanced ovarian cancer, and was compared to other well established prognostic factors. CA 125 blood samples were collected preoperatively (CA 125 pre) and 3 months after surgery (CA 125 3 mo)(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the specific role of hemorheologic and hemodynamic parameters for spontaneous echo contrast and thrombus formation in vivo. We therefore investigated the association between the presence of left atrial spontaneous echo contrast and thrombus formation by transesophageal echocardiography and multiple clinical,(More)
We investigated incidence, normalization rates, and clinical significance of sinus node (SN) dysfunction after cardiac transplantation. Thirty-nine of 90 patients systematically evaluated presented with impaired SN function in the postoperative period. Of these, 22 normalized their SN function during follow-up while 17 remained impaired after 3 months. The(More)
The present study was designed to assess the characteristics of tissue photoemission obtained from normal and atherosclerotic segments of human postmortem femoral arteries by 308 nm excimer laser irradiation of 60 ns pulsewidth. Three ablative (20, 30, and 40 mJ/pulse) and three non-ablative (2.5, 5, and 10 mJ/pulse) energy fluences were employed. Both the(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with gynecologic malignancies, a 6 kD polypeptide known as the tumor-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI) is present in high concentrations, both in the urine and the serum. This study attempts to evaluate the usefulness of pretreatment serum levels of TATI (cutoff level 21 ng ml-1) and CA 125 (cutoff levels 35 U ml-1 and 65 U ml-1) in(More)