P. Eugene Xavier

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BACKGROUND Modifications to the classic cesarean section technique described by Pfannenstiel and Kerr have been proposed in the last few years. The objective of this trial was to compare intraoperative and short-term postoperative outcomes between the Pfannenstiel-Kerr and the modified Misgav-Ladach (MML) techniques for cesarean section. METHODS This(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess safety and efficacy of cetrorelix utilisation in controlled ovarian stimulation (COS). STUDY DESIGN Phase III, randomized, single center study of 131 patients undergoing COS and IVF with or without ICSI, in a University affiliated Hospital. Sixty-six patients were allocated to the protocol with antagonist and 65 to the agonist protocol(More)
Objective: To compare serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and C-reactive protein (CRP) throughout the menstrual cycle in women with and without endometriosis and to quantify the association between these serum markers. Methods: Twenty five endometriosis patients (ASRM stage III–IV) and 13 controls(More)
Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis is a rare cutaneous disorder characterized by recurrent and cyclic skin eruption with variable morphology, occurring during the luteal phase. A case of autoimmune progesterone urticaria in a 47-year-old woman is reported. An intradermal progestin test revealed a strong reactivity against this hormone. Treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND Monocytes-macrophages are found within kidney allografts during the first days after surgery, where they perform "housekeeping" tasks, participate in postreperfusion injury, and act as antigen-presenting cells, as well as become involved in the effector phase of acute rejection. They also seem to play a prominent role in chronic rejection. We(More)
BACKGROUND The new cyclosporin (CsA) formulation, Neoral, has different pharmacokinetics compared with Sandimmune (SIM). Larger area under the curve (AUC) values with equivalent trough blood values are reached when Neoral is administered at equivalent doses to SIM. Previously, we showed a great diagnostic reliability when using cytofluorometric analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Previously we reported that cultures of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) samples synthesize different cytokine pattern depending on the alloimmune response towards the kidney graft. However, we failed to find a clear picture for growth factors implicated in early T-cell activation (interferon-gamma, interleukin [IL]-4, IL-12), although we(More)
BACKGROUND Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease, endemic in 76 countries, that afflicts more than 240 million people. The impact of schistosomiasis on infertility may be underestimated according to recent literature. Extracts of Schistosoma haematobium include estrogen-like metabolites termed catechol-estrogens that down regulate estrogen(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) analysis by flow cytometry has been inconsistently reported as an adjunctive method for diagnosing acute kidney transplant rejection. However, there is good evidence that lymphocytes infiltrating renal grafts differ from those found at the peripheral level. We hypothesized that the study of aspiration biopsy(More)
OBJECTIVE To use power Doppler ultrasound to assess the effect of endometriosis on intraendometrial and subendometrial blood flow during the menstrual cycle. DESIGN An observational prospective study. SETTING Academic teaching hospital. PATIENT(S) Thirty patients with histologically confirmed ovarian endometrioma and 15 control women. (More)