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Amplitude modulation (AM) analysis defines precisely the EEG signal envelope changes at sampling frequency. Here we demonstrate mathematically that event-related desynchronization (ERD) corresponds to the integration of AM-EEG. We applied this new approach to a group of 12 healthy human volunteers hearing repeated auditory stimuli and statistically compared(More)
The aim of this paper was to investigate and compare the EEG mechanisms underlying the perceptual and semantic processes involved in environmental and language sounds perception by manipulating the degree of identification of sounds and using the ERD (event-related desynchronization) method in healthy subjects. Four types of stimuli were analyzed:(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the timing and topography of brain activity in relation to the cognitive processing of different types of auditory information. We specifically investigated the effects of familiarity on environmental sound identification, an issue which has been little studied with respect to cognitive processes, neural substrates, and(More)
Quantitative EEG consists in digitising the EEG from one or several leads and then mathematically processing the signal usually by Fourier spectral analysis. A reduction of the digital information gives characteristic parameters (frequency, amplitude or power, asymmetry, etc.), which can themselves be averaged and submitted to different statistical(More)
A new method of instantaneous EEG analysis based on amplitude modulation (AM-EEG) was applied to analyze the AM-EEG changes in the alpha frequency band (8.20-12.89 Hz) for successive 5 ms epochs. Repeated auditory tone-burst stimuli (of 220 ms duration) were presented at fixed 2.56 second intervals to 12 attending right-handed young female volunteers, who(More)
A first example of quadri-dimensional EEG analysis is presented which is characteristic of a series of ten analyses episodes of paradoxical sleep recorded in polygraphy during 5 nights' sleep in three human volunteers. A first EEG recording of wakefulness, eyes open, with visual fixation of a central point, was followed by a polygraphic night of sleep(More)
Ten right-handed students were submitted to a protocol of cognitive visual stimulations based on six successive sequences: EC1, EO, B1, B2, B3, EC2. Following a first "eyes closed" (EC1) multiple EEG recording (16 EEG leads, plus polygraphy), and an "eyes-open" recording (EO) with central visual fixation, 60 computer-controlled slides were presented(More)
The three types of non-parametric permutation Fisher tests have been applied to inter-individual group studies and further to intra-individual multiple EEG recording sequences, providing computations of EEG probability maps testing two ordinal hypotheses. Two examples of previous group studies with "EEG local cerebral activation" are given: mental(More)
Twenty young volunteers (10 men, 10 women), righthanded, students, have been recorded in EEG cartography in different situations. We have compared the quantified EEGs when the subjects were resting, eyes closed and later, eyes opened, looking at a cartoon. The EEGs were quantified by spectral Fourier analysis and submitted to data reduction. Ten spectral(More)
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