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We have investigated the ATP-induced permeabilization of rat peritoneal mast cells using three different techniques: (a) by measuring uptake of fluorescent membrane and DNA marker dyes, (b) by voltage-clamp measurements using the patch-clamp technique, and (c) by measurements of exocytosis in response to entry of Ca2+ and GTP gamma S into permeabilized(More)
We applied G protein-derived beta gamma-subunits to permeabilized mast cells to test their ability to regulate exocytotic secretion. Mast cells permeabilized with streptolysin-O leak soluble (cytosol) proteins over a period of 5 min and become refractory to stimulation by Ca2+ and GTPgammaS over approximately 20-30 min. beta gamma-Subunits applied to the(More)
Isolated ventricular muscle cells from the adult rat heart have been examined by both Coulter analysis and light scatter flow cytometry. The dispersed cell preparations contain two main cell types: viable, rod-shaped cells and damaged, round cells. Coulter analytical techniques provided statistical data on cell volume for both cell types. The contribution(More)
Mast cells permeabilized by streptolysin O undergo exocytosis when stimulated with Ca(2+) and guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate but become progressively refractory to this stimulus if it is delayed. This run-down of responsiveness occurs over a period of 20-30 min, during which the cells leak soluble and tethered proteins. We show here that withdrawal(More)
The major part of mast cell actin is Triton-soluble and behaves as a monomer in the DNase I inhibition assay. Thus, actin exists predominantly in monomeric or short filament form, through filamentous actin is clearly apparent in the cortical region after rhodamine-phalloidin (RP) staining. The minimum actin content is estimated to be approximately 2.5(More)
Calcium, initially considered as the universal link between receptor stimulation and the onset of exocytosis in secretory cells, is now recognised as only one of a number of intracellular activators. In cells of haematopoietic origin (including mast cells), the key activator is one or more GTPases. Cells of this class, stimulated with GTPgammaS can undergo(More)
We have investigated the effects of mitogenic lectins on human T-lymphocytes, isolated from peripheral blood, and cells from the T-cell clone, HPB-ALL, using the fluorescent dyes, bis-thiobarbiturate tri-methineoxonol (bisoxonol) and quin2 to sense changes in membrane potential and intracellular free [Ca2+], respectively. The resting potential of both cell(More)
ATP (as the tetrabasic acid, ATP4-) applied externally to rat mast cells causes the formation of lesions which permit influx and efflux of low molecular weight, normally impermeant aqueous solutes. To monitor membrane permeabilisation we have used two fluorescent dyes, ethidium which stains the nucleus, and TMA-DPH which stains the cytosolic surfaces of(More)
Introducing non-hydrolysable analogues of GTP into the cytosolic compartment of mast cells results in exocytotic secretion through the activation of GTP binding proteins. The identity and mechanism of action of these proteins are not established. We have investigated the effects of Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (RhoGDI) on exocytosis induced by guanosine(More)