P. E. Knowles

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An experiment measuring the 2S Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen (/spl mu//sup -/p) is being performed at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland. It requires small detectors for 1.9 keV X-rays (2P-1S transition) with an energy resolution around 25%, a time resolution better than 100 ns, a large solid angle coverage, and insensitivity to a 5 T magnetic(More)
The performance of a large area avalanche photodiode (LAAPD) has been investigated for X-ray and visible-light detection as a function of temperature. Energy resolution improves significantly with decreasing temperature down to 0/spl deg/C and, below that value, at a much slower rate, achieving 9.6% for 5.9 keV X-rays at 0/spl deg/C and for a gain of 60.(More)
We report on a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser made from a Q-switched oscillator and a multipass amplifier delivering pulses of 48 mJ at 1030 nm. The peculiar requirements for this laser are the short delay time (< 500 ns) between electronic trigger and optical output pulse and the time randomness with which these triggers occur (with trigger to next trigger(More)
It is now recognized that the International System of Units (SI units) will be redefined in terms of fundamental constants, even if the date when this will occur is still under debate. Actually, the best estimate of fundamental constant values is given by a least-squares adjustment, carried out under the auspices of the Committee on Data for Science and(More)
We have manufactured more than 250 nominally identical paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells (30 mm diameter bulbs) for multi-channel atomic magnetome-ter applications. We describe our dedicated cell characterization apparatus. For each cell we have determined the intrinsic longitudinal, Γ 01 , and transverse, Γ 02 , relaxation rates. Our best cell shows Γ 01 /2π(More)
An experiment to measure the energy difference between the 2S–2P atomic levels (Lamb shift) in muonic hydrogen is being prepared at PSI. Since the energy levels of muonic hydrogen are a factor of 186 more energetic than those of hydrogen, according to the ratio of reduced masses, the transitions lie in the soft X-ray region. The experiment needs long-lived(More)
The blackbody radiation shift, a manifestation of the Stark effect caused by blackbody radiation, contributes to the systematic uncertainty in Cs-based frequency standards at a level of 1 × 10<sup>-15</sup>. Few measurements of the third-order scalar electric polarizability of the Cs ground states, mainly responsible for the ac Stark shift in atomic clocks,(More)
Measurements of muon-catalyzed dt fusion ( d(mu)t-->4He + n + mu(-)) in solid HD have been performed. The theory describing the energy dependent resonant molecular formation rate for the reaction (mu)t + HD-->[(d(mu)t)pee](*) is compared to experimental results in a pure solid HD target. Constraints on the rates are inferred through the use of a Monte Carlo(More)