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A computerized, television-based, imaging fundus reflectometer was used to obtain estimates of the spatial distribution of macular pigment (xanthophylls) from seven normal subjects. Digitized images of the bleached macula of each subject were acquired at illuminating wavelengths from 462 to 697 nm. An analysis of spectral reflectances indicated that(More)
A new method was developed to measure spectrally and spatially resolved cone pigment optical density difference in normal human subjects. Using digitized television images of human retinas scanned before and after bleaching the cone pigments with a bright light, unique high-resolution images of cone pigment density difference were produced. The spectral(More)
Cone pigment density difference refers to a change in light absorption by cones before and after bleaching of their visual pigments. With a television ophthalmoscope image processor, we measured the foveal cone pigment density difference in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), good central vision, and no clinically apparent foveal lesion. Foveal(More)
Some patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) show a reduced foveal short-wavelength sensitivity that cannot be attributed to a reduction in the sensitivity of the short-wavelength cone system. To determine whether an increased amount of macular pigment (xanthophyll) might account for this finding, we derived estimates of the two-way optical density of the(More)
Multispectral imaging fundus reflectometry and multiple linear regression fitting routines were used to simultaneously assess the spatial distributions of cone visual pigment and rhodopsin in the human macula. As expected from anatomic studies, the cone visual pigment distribution showed a peak in the central fovea and was elliptical, with the broader axis(More)
Using fundus reflectometry, we have measured a decrease in the density difference of the foveal cone visual pigments with age in human subjects. This decrease is consistent with a loss of visual pigment in the retina with age. Fundus reflectance and normalized density difference spectra data are presented for these subjects. A decrease in cone pigment with(More)
We report findings obtained from an individual with an unusual form of congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB). Although the rhodopsin density difference of this subject was normal, there was no evidence of rod-mediated visual function. Dark-adapted thresholds were cone-mediated, and dark-adapted electroretinograms (ERGs) represented activity of the(More)
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