P. Duane Walker

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Dopamine and serotonin neurotransmission regulate striatal preprotachykinin messenger RNA levels. In the present study, we investigated serotonin 2A/2C receptor-mediated regulation of preprotachykinin messenger RNA expression in the rat striatum after adult dopamine depletion produced with 6-hydroxydopamine. Significant reductions (46-61% of control values)(More)
The administration of clindamycin to hamsters induces a lethal enterocolitis as a consequence of toxins produced in the alimentary tract by Clostridium difficile. The lethal and cytopathic effects of C. difficile toxins are neutralized in vitro by C. sordellii antitoxin and hamsters may be protected against clindamycin induction of caecitis by passive(More)
Enteritis necroticans (EN), known as pigbel in Papua New Guinea (PNG), may be the important predisposing lesion to mid-gut volvulus, jejunal and ileal ileus and other forms of small bowel strangulation in communities where protein deprivation, poor food hygiene, epochal meat feasting and staple diets containing trypsin inhibitors co-exist. Such human(More)
Loss of dopaminergic innervation to the striatum increases the sensitivity of dopamine (DA) D1 and serotonin (5-HT) 5-HT2 receptor signaling. Previous work from our laboratory has shown that systemic co-administration of D1 and 5-HT2 receptor agonists leads to the synergistic overexpression of striatal preprotachykinin mRNA levels in the DA-depleted, but(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission was altered to determine its role in regulating the biosynthesis of tachykinins in the neostriatum (NS). Depletion of 5-HT with subchronic p-chlorophenylalanine (pCPA) treatment decreased preprotachykinin (PPT, the prohormone precursor to SP) mRNA levels in the NS. By contrast, raising extracellular 5-HT levels with(More)
Electron-microscope studies are reported in which gonococci grown in cultures are compared with those present in urethral exudates. Whereas naturally occurring cells presented a smooth appearance with parallel cell layers, cultured cells were rough and their surface layers appeared to be disorganised. Three different types of pili were observed in cultures;(More)
Cervical spinal cord injury leads to a disruption of bulbospinal innervation from medullary respiratory centers to phrenic motoneurons. Animal models utilizing cervical hemisection result in inhibition of ipsilateral phrenic nerve activity, leading to paralysis of the hemidiaphragm. We have previously demonstrated a role for serotonin (5-HT) as one(More)
The present study assesses the effects of para-chlorophenylalanine (p-CPA), a serotonin-depleting drug, on the recovery of respiratory-related activity in the phrenic nerve induced by asphyxia 4 h following ipsilateral C2 hemisection in young adult rats. HPLC analysis was used to quantify levels of serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), norepinephrine, and the(More)