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Genetic (co)variances between body condition score (BCS), body weight (BW), milk production, and fertility-related traits were estimated. The data analyzed included 8591 multiparous Holstein-Friesian cows with records for BCS, BW, milk production, and/or fertility from 78 seasonal calving grass-based farms throughout southern Ireland. Of the cows included(More)
(Co)variance components for body condition score (BCS), body weight (BW), BCS change, BW change, and milk yield traits were estimated. The data analyzed included 6646 multiparous Holstein-Friesian cows with records for BCS, BW, and(or) milk yield at different stages of lactation from 74 dairy herds throughout Southern Ireland. Heritability estimates for BCS(More)
Relationships among milk production, body condition score (BCS), body weight (BW), and reproduction were studied using logistic regression on data from 6433 spring-calving Holstein-Friesian dairy cows in 74 commercial herds. Multivariate models were adjusted for herd, breeding value for milk yield, proportion of Holstein-Friesian genes, lactation number,(More)
Genetic (co)variances between body condition score (BCS), body weight (BW), milk yield, and fertility were estimated using a random regression animal model extended to multivariate analysis. The data analyzed included 81,313 BCS observations, 91,937 BW observations, and 100,458 milk test-day yields from 8725 multiparous Holstein-Friesian cows. A cubic(More)
Intensive genetic selection for increased milk production, coupled with increased dry matter intakes has led to significant improvements in cow milk yield, however, this increase in milk output has been accompanied by a decline in cow fertility. It has been suggested that there is a higher increment of late embryonic loss in high-yielding than in moderate(More)
Interactions between genotype and environment are becoming increasingly important as cattle genotypes are being managed in a diverse range of environments worldwide. The objective of this study was to investigate if there is an interaction of strain of Holstein-Friesian cows (HF) by grass-based feed system that affects milk production, body weight, and body(More)
A total of 48 high genetic merit (HM) and 48 medium merit (MM) cows, each given a low (LC), medium (MC), or high (HC) level of concentrate supplementation, were used in a split-plot design experiment, which was run in three consecutive years, to evaluate animal production responses. Individual cow intakes were estimated twice each year while at pasture;(More)
Scoring body condition and assessing changes in the body condition of dairy cattle have become strategic tools in both farm management and research. Consequently, body condition score (BCS) is being researched extensively throughout the world. However, international sharing, comparing, and use of data generated are limited because different BCS systems(More)
The effects of milk yield, body condition score (BCS) and lactation number on the number of oocytes recovered and blastocysts formed were studied following in vitro maturation, fertilization and culture of bovine oocytes collected from 48 high and 46 medium genetic merit dairy cows in their first and third lactation. The cows were slaughtered between 125(More)
Illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use, for body building and body image purposes, is increasing internationally. This study describes the prevalence and symptoms of AAS use disorders obtained using a semi-structured interview among a mixed-gender sample of 100 current Australian users, that were recruited from a variety of sources. The median age of(More)