P. Dhanasekaran

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The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays a critical role in the biogenesis of high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles and in mediating cellular cholesterol efflux. The mechanism by which ABCA1 achieves these effects is not established, despite extensive investigation. Here, we present a model that explains the essential features, especially(More)
The mechanism of formation of high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles by the action of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is not defined completely. To address this issue, we monitored efflux to apoA-I of phosphatidylcholine (PC), sphingomyelin (SM), and unesterified (free) cholesterol (FC) from J774 macrophages, in which ABCA1 is up-regulated,(More)
Lipid binding of human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) occurs initially through the C-terminal alpha-helices followed by conformational reorganization of the N-terminal helix bundle. This led us to hypothesize that apoA-I has multiple lipid-bound conformations, in which the N-terminal helix bundle adopts either open or closed conformations anchored by the(More)
ApoE exists as three common isoforms, apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4; apoE2 and apoE3 preferentially bind to high density lipoproteins, whereas apoE4 prefers very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). To understand the molecular basis for the different lipoprotein distributions of these isoforms in human plasma, we examined the lipid-binding properties of the apoE(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to understand the molecular basis of how the amino acid substitution C112R that distinguishes human apolipoprotein (apo) E4 from apoE3 causes the more proatherogenic plasma lipoprotein-cholesterol distribution that is known to be associated with the expression of apoE4. APPROACH AND RESULTS Adeno-associated viruses,(More)
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) accepts cholesterol and phospholipids from ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1)-expressing cells to form high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Human apoA-I has two tertiary structural domains and the C-terminal domain (approximately amino acids 190-243) plays a key role in lipid binding. Although the high lipid affinity region(More)
The arachidonic acid cascade leading to prostaglandins has been implicated in diabetic embryopathy. Both arachidonic acid and prostaglandin E2 reverse the teratogenic effects of high glucose concentrations on neural tube development in mouse embryos in culture. Arachidonic acid supplementation also protects against diabetes-induced neural tube defects in(More)
The interaction of apolipoprotein E (apoE) with cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans is an important step in the uptake of lipoprotein remnants by the liver. ApoE interacts predominantly with heparin through the N-terminal binding site spanning the residues around 136-150. In this work, surface plasmon resonance analysis was employed to investigate(More)
The tertiary structure of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I and the contributions of structural domains to the properties of the protein molecule are not well defined. We used a series of engineered human and mouse apoA-I molecules in a range of physical-biochemical measurements to address this issue. Circular dichroism measurements of alpha-helix thermal unfolding(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) E mediates lipoprotein remnant clearance via interaction with cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans. Both the 22-kDa N-terminal domain and 10-kDa C-terminal domain of apoE contain a heparin binding site; the N-terminal site overlaps with the low density lipoprotein receptor binding region and the C-terminal site is undefined. To(More)