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BACKGROUND The efficacy and safety of a 5-grass-pollen sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) tablet (Stallergènes SA, Antony, France) have been evaluated in clinical studies during the pollen season. The allergen challenge chamber (ACC) has been developed as a pharmacodynamic assessment tool to control the environmental allergens and to avoid all problems(More)
Several unmet needs have been identified in allergic rhinitis: identification of the time of onset of the pollen season, optimal control of rhinitis and comorbidities, patient stratification, multidisciplinary team for integrated care pathways, innovation in clinical trials and, above all, patient empowerment. MASK-rhinitis (MACVIA-ARIA Sentinel NetworK for(More)
Intranasal administration is a non-invasive route for drug delivery, which is widely used for the local treatment of rhinitis or nasal polyposis. Since drugs can be absorbed into the systemic circulation through the nasal mucosa, this route may also be used in a range of acute or chronic conditions requiring considerable systemic exposure. Indeed, it offers(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic rhinitis (AR) impairs quality of life (QoL), sleep and work. The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) classification is widely used, but the impact of the different symptoms on QoL is not clear. OBJECTIVE To describe characteristics of patients consulting in primary care for AR and to study the impact of AR symptoms and(More)
The objective of Integrated Care Pathways for Airway Diseases (AIRWAYS-ICPs) is to launch a collaboration to develop multi-sectoral care pathways for chronic respiratory diseases in European countries and regions. AIRWAYS-ICPs has strategic relevance to the European Union Health Strategy and will add value to existing public health knowledge by: 1)(More)
BACKGROUND Imatinib, a competitive inhibitor of BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase, is now the first-line treatment for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Therapeutic drug monitoring targeting trough plasma levels of about 1000ng/mL may help to optimize the therapeutic effect. METHODS We developed a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with UV/Diode(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and a leading major cause of death when present. HIV-PAH could be the consequence of multiple hits including the direct effects of HIV proteins, use of illicit drugs, and chronic inflammation. Indeed, HIV infection has long been identified as an(More)
Histamine plays a central role in allergic responses. Inhibition of the weal and flare response to histamine is a traditional pharmacodynamic tool to measure the activity of H(1)-receptor antagonists. The time course and duration of cutaneous weal and flare inhibition are often used as surrogate measures of clinical efficacy. Pharmacodynamic differences(More)
UNLABELLED 1. NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC HORMONES: Glucocorticoids are indispensable circulating hormones implicated in carbohydrate and protein metabolism. They also have strong antiinflammatory effects used in therapy. This antiinflammatory activity has led to the development of synthetic compounds with an antiinflammatory action that is much greater than that(More)
A study to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a recombinant hepatitis B vaccine containing the S and pre-S2 antigens (GenHevac B Pasteur) was conducted in healthy newborn infants. All infants received 20 micrograms of vaccine within 24 h of birth and at 1 and 2 months with a booster injection at month 12. The vaccine was administered alone in 19(More)