P Dejours

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Whether animals are vertebrates or invertebrates, the problems raised by the invasion of land are common to all who have succeeded--terrestrial worms, mollusks and crustaceans, arachnids, insects, terrestrial vertebrates. Many physiological traits, although supported by quite different morphological structures, are convergent and related to the(More)
Oxygen-sensitive activity was recorded from the branchial nerve of the crayfish Astacus leptodactylus in vitro. After the podobranchial and arthrobranchial nerves branch off to the gill, the branchial nerve terminates in the branchio-cardiac vein wall and its surroundings. When the former 2 branches were cut, irregular spontaneous activity could be recorded(More)
Experiments were done on the tortoise, Testudo hermanni (anesthetized), or on its lung-vagus preparation in which all other internal organs had been removed. By recording the afferent impulse patterns in fine strands of the vagus, three kinds of CO2-sensitive receptors were demonstrated. Heymans-type chemoreceptors: Afferents originating from thoracic(More)
1. Ventilation was recorded by pneumotachography, before and after bilateral vagotomy, in conscious tortoises (Testudo horsfieldi) (breathing 0, 2, 3 or 4% CO2 in air or oxygen). 2. Each breath consists of expiratory and inspiratory phases and an apneic plateau (absence of air flow). Inhalation of hypercapnic mixtures led to increased ventilatory flow,(More)
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