P. De La Noue

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The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of cooling rate to 4 degrees C and temperature at the time of centrifugation/glycerol-addition (freezing extender: INRA82 + 2% egg yolk + 2.5% glycerol) on postcentrifugation recovery rate, post-thaw motility and per-cycle fertility. When centrifugation/glycerol-addition was performed at 4 degrees C (14(More)
During walking, an increase in speed is accompanied by a decrease in the stance phase duration while the swing phase remains relatively invariant. By definition, the rhythm generator in the lumbar spinal cord controls cycle period, phase durations, and phase transitions. Our first aim was to determine if this asymmetry in the control of locomotor cycles is(More)
The freezability of stallion semen defined as the number of selected ejaculates/total number of ejaculates frozen from 161 different stallions was analyzed. Of the stallions, 19, 30, 27 and 24% had a freezability of 0%, 0 to 33%, 33 to 66%, over 66%, respectively In 85 different stallions, the correlation of freezability between first and second year was(More)
In the procedure used in this paper, semen was first diluted in INRA82+2% egg yolk (E1) at 37 degrees C. Before or after cooling to 4 degrees C, semen was centrifuged and diluted in E1+2.5% glycerol (E2). Cooled semen was frozen in 0.5-ml straws. Straws were thawed at 37 degrees C for 30s. For fertility trials, frozen ejaculates were used only if total(More)
The sexual behavior of 42 stallions from French national and private studs was examined in two contexts: semen collection for artificial insemination (AI) and in-hand natural service (NS). Each stallion was observed twice in the same context. Erection and ejaculation latencies, the number of mounts leading to ejaculation, dismount latency and total breeding(More)
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