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The sequencing of complete genomes provides a list that includes the proteins responsible for cellular regulation. However, this does not immediately reveal what these proteins do, nor how they are assembled into the molecular machines and functional networks that control cellular behavior. The regulation of many different cellular processes requires the(More)
Reversible ubiquitination of activated receptor complexes signals their sorting between recycling and degradation and thereby dictates receptor fate. The deubiquitinating enzyme ubiquitin-specific protease 8 (USP8/UBPy) has been previously implicated in the regulation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR); however, the molecular mechanisms(More)
Mammalian Nck1 and Nck2 are closely related adaptor proteins that possess three SH3 domains, followed by an SH2 domain, and are implicated in coupling phosphotyrosine signals to polypeptides that regulate the actin cytoskeleton. However, the in vivo functions of Nck1 and Nck2 have not been defined. We have mutated the murine Nck1 and Nck2 genes and(More)
SH2 domains are interaction modules uniquely dedicated to the recognition of phosphotyrosine sites and are embedded in proteins that couple protein-tyrosine kinases to intracellular signaling pathways. Here, we report a comprehensive bioinformatics, structural, and functional view of the human and mouse complement of SH2 domain proteins. This information(More)
The Amoebozoa constitute one of the primary divisions of eukaryotes, encompassing taxa of both biomedical and evolutionary importance, yet its genomic diversity remains largely unsampled. Here we present an analysis of a whole genome assembly of Acanthamoeba castellanii (Ac) the first representative from a solitary free-living amoebozoan. Ac encodes 15,455(More)
Many of the signaling pathways and regulatory systems in eukaryotic cells are controlled by proteins with multiple interaction domains that mediate specific protein-protein and protein-phospholipid interactions, and thereby determine the biological output of receptors for external and intrinsic signals. Here, we discuss the basic features of interaction(More)
Reversible ubiquitination orchestrated by the opposition of ubiquitin ligases and deubiquitinating enzymes mediates endocytic trafficking of cell surface receptors for lysosomal degradation. Ubiquitin-specific protease 8 (USP8) has previously been implicated in endocytosis of several receptors by virtue of their deubiquitination. The present study explores(More)
Signaling by the Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) is complex, because they can interact with a variety of intracellular targets, and can potentially induce distinct responses in different cell types. In NG108 neuronal cells, activated EphB2 recruits p120RasGAP, in a fashion that is associated with down-regulation of the Ras-Erk(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphorylation controls many aspects of signaling in multicellular organisms. One of the major consequences of tyrosine phosphorylation is the creation of binding sites for proteins containing Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. To profile the global tyrosine phosphorylation state of the cell, we have developed proteomic binding assays(More)
The SH3 domain, which normally recognizes proline-rich sequences, has the potential to bind motifs with an RxxK consensus. To explore this novel specificity, we have determined the solution structure of the Gads T cell adaptor C-terminal SH3 domain in complex with an RSTK-containing peptide, representing its physiological binding site on the SLP-76 docking(More)