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The Amoebozoa constitute one of the primary divisions of eukaryotes, encompassing taxa of both biomedical and evolutionary importance, yet its genomic diversity remains largely unsampled. Here we present an analysis of a whole genome assembly of Acanthamoeba castellanii (Ac) the first representative from a solitary free-living amoebozoan. Ac encodes 15,455(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphorylation controls many aspects of signaling in multicellular organisms. One of the major consequences of tyrosine phosphorylation is the creation of binding sites for proteins containing Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. To profile the global tyrosine phosphorylation state of the cell, we have developed proteomic binding assays(More)
Natural languages arise in an unpremeditated fashion resulting in words and syntax as individual units of information content that combine in a manner that is both complex and contextual, yet intuitive to a native reader. In an analogous manner, protein interaction domains such as the Src Homology 2 (SH2) domain recognize and "read" the information(More)
Src homology 2 (SH2) domains mediate selective protein-protein interactions with tyrosine phosphorylated proteins, and in doing so define specificity of phosphotyrosine (pTyr) signalling networks. SH2 domains and protein-tyrosine phosphatases expand alongside protein-tyrosine kinases (PTKs) to coordinate cellular and organismal complexity in the evolution(More)
The serendipitous discovery of the SH2 domain unleashed a sea-change in our conceptual molecular understanding of protein function. The reductionist approaches that followed from the recognition of modular protein interaction domains transformed our understanding of cellular signal transduction systems, how they evolve and how they may be manipulated. We(More)
Specific peptide ligand recognition by modular interaction domains is essential for the fidelity of information flow through the signal transduction networks that control cell behavior in response to extrinsic and intrinsic stimuli. Src homology 2 (SH2) domains recognize distinct phosphotyrosine peptide motifs, but the specific sites that are phosphorylated(More)
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