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  • Colin P Morice, John J Kennedy, Nick A Rayner, Phil D Jones, Saudi Arabia
  • 2012
Recent developments in observational near-surface air temperature and sea-surface temperature analyses are combined to produce HadCRUT4, a new data set of global and regional temperature evolution from 1850 to the present. This includes the addition of newly digitised measurement data, both over land and sea, new sea-surface temperature bias adjustments and(More)
Data sets used to monitor the Earth's climate indicate that the surface of the Earth warmed from approximately 1910 to 1940, cooled slightly from approximately 1940 to 1970, and then warmed markedly from approximately 1970 onward. The weak cooling apparent in the middle part of the century has been interpreted in the context of a variety of physical(More)
  • David W J Thompson, John M Wallace, Phil D Jones, John J Kennedy
  • 2009
Global-mean surface temperature is affected by both natural variability and anthropogenic forcing. This study is concerned with identifying and removing from global-mean temperatures the signatures of natural climate variability over the period January 1900–March 2009. A series of simple, physically based method-ologies are developed and applied to isolate(More)
The twentieth-century trend in global-mean surface temperature was not monotonic: temperatures rose from the start of the century to the 1940s, fell slightly during the middle part of the century, and rose rapidly from the mid-1970s onwards. The warming-cooling-warming pattern of twentieth-century temperatures is typically interpreted as the superposition(More)
Allelism in glutathione S-transferase GSTM1 and GSTT1 has been suggested as a risk factor in various cancers. Accordingly, we describe a group of case-control studies carried out to identify associations between GSTT1 genotypes and susceptibility to lung, oral, gastric and colorectal cancers. The frequencies of the putatively high risk GSTT1 null genotype(More)
It is important to understand how temperatures across the Antarctic have changed in recent decades because of the huge amount of fresh water locked into the ice sheet and the impact that temperature changes may have on the ice volume. Doran et al. claim that there has been a net cooling of the entire continent between 1966 and 2000, particularly during(More)
  • Yi Jiang, M E Mechanical Engineering, Stanford Anderson, Wei Zhang, Minde Su, Claudine Beghein +11 others
  • 2011
With the discovery of many economic, environmental, and health problems in sealed and mechanically ventilated buildings, the concept of natural ventilation has been revived. "Buildings that breathe" have become more and more desired by ordinary people and architects. Although natural ventilation is conceptually simple, it is difficult to design and control.(More)
The question has been raised whether an associative mechanism is responsible for the persistence of the McCollough effect. Since current estimates of its rate of decay are derived from procedures in which subjects are repeatedly tested, it was hypothesized that the measured effects might be attenuated by the testing process. Accordingly, a comparison was(More)
Forty adult rats of both genders were randomly assigned to one of four factorial groups and prepared with either medial frontal or sham lesions. On the day of surgery osmotic mini-pumps that had been prepared to deliver either 12.5 micrograms of ACTH(4-9) analog per 24 h or saline for the next 14 days were installed in a subcutaneous location. One month(More)
This paper describes the development of a weather generator for use in climate impact assessments of agricultural and water system management. The generator produces internally consistent series of meteorological variables including: rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind, sunshine , as well as derivation of potential evapotranspiration. The system produces(More)