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We offer provisional support for a new cognitive approach to understanding and treating drug-resistant auditory hallucinations in people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Study 1 emphasises the relevance of the cognitive model by detailing the behavioural, cognitive and affective responses to persistent voices in 26 patients, demonstrating that highly(More)
BACKGROUND We describe the development and psychometric investigation of the Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ), a self-report measure of how people understand and respond to their voices. The measure is unique in being driven by and gathering data essential to a cognitive formulation of voices. METHOD Sixty subjects with chronic hallucinatory(More)
It has been proposed that delusional thinking may be on a continuum with normal behavior and can be assessed by taking account of factors such as the client's degree of belief conviction or the extent of preoccupation with the belief. In our research a number of measures were used to assess the delusional thinking of people diagnosed as schizophrenic. Two(More)
The present paper summarizes and integrates with the existing literature the results of three studies we have conducted on the measurement and modification of delusions. The findings of two of these studies have been presented previously; the third is briefly reported here. A total of 12 people with delusions took part. Ten participated in two(More)
OBJECTIVE Two types of paranoia have been identified, namely persecution (or 'Poor Me') paranoia, and punishment (or 'Bad Me') paranoia. This research tests predicted differences in phenomenology--specifically, in person evaluative beliefs, self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and anger. METHOD Fifty-three people with current paranoid beliefs were classified(More)
BACKGROUND A preliminary report by the authors suggested that the range of affect generated by voices (anger, fear, elation) was linked not to the form, content or topography of voice activity, but to the beliefs patients held about them, in particular their supposed power and authority. We argued that this conformed to a cognitive model; that is, voice(More)
This paper reports the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale when used with 341 members of a self-help group for people with depression. We report internal reliability and factor structure for the complete data set and factor structure for groups split by gender, previous hospitalization for depression and current use of(More)
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