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Freezing sensitivity of leaves and xylem was examined in four co-occurring Mediterranean oaks (Quercus spp.) grown in a common garden to determine whether freezing responses of leaves and xylem were coordinated and could be predicted by leaf lifespan. Freezing-induced embolism and loss of photosynthetic function were measured after overnight exposure to a(More)
570 Introduction: Capecitabine (Xeloda [X]) shows synergy with taxanes and adding X to docetaxel (T) extends overall survival (OS), response rate (RR) and progression free-survival (PFS) beyond T alone. Sequential single-agent therapy could confer convenience benefits and may be more appropriate than combination chemotherapy for some pts. METHODS Pts with(More)
We have identified a cellular protein, RBP-2N, a presumed recombinase, as a repressor of transcription. Inhibition of transcription by RBP-2N was dependent on its DNA recognition site and was demonstrated in vitro and in vivo. This repression appears to be general, as transcription mediated by SP1 and Gal4/VP16 was inhibited by RBP-2N. The protein was(More)
The previously described transcription factor IIA (TFIIA) protein fraction was separated into two factors that affect transcription, TFIIA and TFIIJ. TFIIA was found to have a stimulatory effect, and TFIIJ was found to be required for transcription. The requirement of TFIIJ was observed when bacterially produced purified human or yeast (Saccharomyces(More)
Human transcription factor TFIID, the TATA-binding protein, was partially purified to a form capable of associating stably with the TATA motif of the adenovirus major late promoter. Binding of the human and yeast TFIID to the TATA motif was stimulated by TFIIA. TFIIA is an integral part of a complex capable of binding other transcription factors. A complex(More)
The activity of the isolated plasma membrane H+-ATPase from Kluyveromyces lactis was measured during incubation at 35-45 degrees C and in the absence or in the presence of 0-0.6 M trehalose. As the temperature of incubation was raised from 35 to 45 degrees C, increasing enzyme inactivation rates were observed. Thermal inactivation kinetics of the H+-ATPase(More)
As traditional antidepressants act only after weeks/months, the discovery that ketamine, an antagonist of glutamate/N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, elicits antidepressant actions in hours has been transformative. Its mechanism of action has been elusive, though enhanced mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is a major feature. We report a(More)
In the presence of K(+), addition of ATP or ethanol to yeast mitochondria triggers the depletion of the transmembrane potential (DeltaPsi) and this is prevented by millimolar concentrations of phosphate (PO(4)). Different monovalent and polyvalent anions were tested for their protective effects on mitochondria from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Only arsenate(More)
The isolation of a cellular factor that was specifically required for transcription from the promoter of the adenovirus early gene iv, an EIa-activated promoter, is described. This factor (EivF) was purified from HeLa cells using a functional transcription assay and identified as a 72,000- to 65,000-dalton protein. DNase I footprinting experiments(More)
Two binding sites for EivF, a factor involved in transcription from the adenovirus early promoter iv (Eiv), were mapped within the adenovirus inverted terminal repeats (ITR). Consistent with the observation that EivF was required to initiate transcription from the Eiv promoter and with the demonstration that two EivF binding sites were present in the ITR,(More)