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BACKGROUND Mutations in SOD1, ANG, VAPB, TARDBP and FUS genes have been identified in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS The relative contributions of the different mutations to ALS were estimated by systematically screening a cohort of 162 families enrolled in France and 500 controls (1000 chromosomes) using molecular analysis techniques and(More)
This review considers the effect of sleep on seizures and interictal electroencephalogram (EEG) paroxysmal activities (PAs), as classified by the International League Against Epilepsy criteria. No type of seizure is, per se, specifically linked with non-rapid eye movement (NREM) or rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. However, in some syndromes, seizures are(More)
Mutations in OPTN gene encoding optineurin have recently been identified at the homozygote and heterozygote state in Japanese families with slowly progressive amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). OPTN had previously been involved in adult primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). We sequenced the coding exons of OPTN in 126 French patients with familial ALS(More)
There is growing evidence of activated microglia and inflammatory processes in the cerebral cortex in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Activated microglia is characterized by increased expression of the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) in the brain and may be a useful biomarker of inflammation. In this study, we evaluated neuroinflammation in ALS(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. During the course of the illness, malnutrition can occur and may shorten survival. The aim of our study was to determine whether clinical nutritional parameters that are used in daily practice are associated with prognosis and whether they can help guide therapeutic(More)
OBJECTIVE Emergency situations require a rapid and precise diagnostic approach. However, the exact role and value of the electroencephalogram (EEG) in emergent conditions have yet to be clearly defined. Our objective was to determine why clinicians order an emergency EEG, to assess to what extent it helps establish a correct diagnosis and to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Expanded GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeats in the promoter of the C9ORF72 gene have recently been identified in frontotemporal dementia (FTD), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and ALS-FTD and appear as the most common genetic cause of familial (FALS) and sporadic (SALS) forms of ALS. METHODS We searched for the C9ORF72 repeat expansion in 950(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a degenerative disorder of motor neurons that typically develops in the 6th decade and is uniformly fatal, usually within 5 years. To identify genetic variants associated with susceptibility and phenotypes in sporadic ALS, we performed a genome-wide SNP analysis in sporadic ALS cases and controls. A total of 288,357 SNPs(More)
The etiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis remains unknown in the majority of cases. Homozygous SMN1 (survival motor neuron) gene deletion causes spinal muscular atrophy, and SMN2 gene deletions are possible risk factors in lower motor neuron disease. We studied SMN1 and SMN2 genes copy numbers in 167 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients and in 167(More)
The aim of the study is to determine the shape of the progression curve in ALS, assess the impact of clinical variables on the rate of progression, and evaluate the association between functional decline and survival. Data were prospectively collected and entered into a clinical database from all patients seen in 2002–2008 at the Centre SLA, Hôpital de la(More)