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A family was studied in which two inherited defects of the non-alpha-globin cluster segregate: Greek hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) and beta-thalassemia. Fragments of the non-alpha-globin cluster from two patients were cloned in cosmid and phage lambda vectors, and assigned to either the HPFH or beta-thalassemic chromosome on the basis of(More)
Selective overexpression (50- to 100-fold) in adult erythroid cells of either G gamma or A gamma fetal globin gene is observed in hereditary conditions known as delta beta zero-thalassemia and hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH). Recently, a C----T change at position -196 of an overexpressed A gamma globin gene from an Italian HPFH was(More)
NOTCH1 is involved in the pathogenesis of T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) carrying the very rare translocation t(7;9)(q34;q34.3). We analyzed the expression of genes belonging to NOTCH pathway, in acute leukemia primary samples and lymphoblastoid cell lines. NOTCH1 pathway activation represents a common feature of T-ALL when compared to acute(More)
The hematological phenotypes of several Mediterranean patients with delta beta-thalassemia and hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin have been characterized. Although clinical and hematological characteristics are essentially superimposable in all heterozygous delta beta-thalassemics, these patients show typical G gamma/A gamma ratios in their Hb F,(More)
Type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) is the primary inhibitor plasminogen activator and has been found to be increased in a number of clinical conditions generally defined as prothrombotic. Since in aging and in atherosclerosis the changes observed in the endothelium resemble those of in vitro aged endothelial cells, we have examined the(More)
The synthesis of embryonic (zeta, epsilon), fetal (alpha, gamma), and adult (beta) globin was evaluated in human yolk sacs (YS) and livers at different ontogenic stages (i.e., from 6 through 10-12 wk of age) by means of analytical isoelectric focusing. Globin production was comparatively evaluated in vivo (i.e., in directly labeled erythroblasts from YS and(More)
BACKGROUND The SEL1L gene is located on human chromosome 14q24.3-31 close to D14S67 which has been previously proposed to be a type 1 diabetes mellitus locus (IDDM11). Sel-1 is a negative regulator of the Notch signalling pathway and SEL1L is selectively expressed in adult pancreas and islets of Langerhans. This suggests that SEL1L may be a candidate gene(More)
The pathways of transduction of oxidative stress signals have been studied using the Jurkat T cell model. The oxidative stress was induced by exposure of the cells to 100 microM H(2)O(2). DNA damage was detected within 15 min after commencement of treatment. DNA damage repair occurred within about 1 h in cells exposed to oxidative stress for 15 min. In(More)
A survey of hemoglobinopathies in Northern Sardinia allowed the identification of two subjects heterozygous for a new type of G gamma hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH). The G gamma-globin gene from the HPFH chromosome shows the presence of a T----C substitution 175 nucleotides upstream of the CAP site, adding a new example of single-point(More)
We report that bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) addition in semi-solid cultures of normal adult erythroid progenitors causes a sharp rise of gamma-globin gene expression in erythroid colonies. Control studies were carefully carried out to exclude the possibility of toxic effects exerted by the drug in these experimental conditions. In particular, BrdU addition(More)