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We examined the in vivo effects of the hallucinogen 4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOI). DOI suppressed the firing rate of 7 of 12 dorsal raphe (DR) serotonergic (5-HT) neurons and partially inhibited the rest (ED(50) = 20 microg/kg, i.v.), an effect reversed by M100907 (5-HT(2A) antagonist) and picrotoxinin (GABA(A) antagonist). DOI (1 mg/kg, s.c.)(More)
Anatomical evidence indicates that medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) neurons project to the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR). In this study, we functionally characterized this descending pathway in rat brain. Projection neurons in the mPFC were identified by antidromic stimulation from the DR. Electrical stimulation of the mPFC mainly inhibited the activity of DR(More)
Dopaminergic neurons express both GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors and GABAergic inputs play a significant role in the afferent modulation of these neurons. Electrical stimulation of GABAergic pathways originating in neostriatum, globus pallidus or substantia nigra pars reticulata produces inhibition of dopaminergic neurons in vivo. Despite a number of prior(More)
Dopaminergic neurons in vivo fire spontaneously in three distinct patterns or modes. It has previously been shown that the firing pattern of substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons can be differentially modulated by local application of GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor antagonists. The GABA(A) antagonists, bicuculline or picrotoxin, greatly increase burst firing(More)
The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most frequently prescribed antidepressant drugs, because they are well tolerated and have no severe side effects. They rapidly block serotonin (5-HT) reuptake, yet the onset of their therapeutic action requires weeks of treatment. This delay is the result of presynaptic and postsynaptic adaptive(More)
Atypical antipsychotics increase dopamine (DA) release in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an effect possibly involved in the superior effects of atypical versus classical antipsychotics on cognitive/negative symptoms. We examined the role of 5-HT1A receptors in the mPFC on the modulation of dopaminergic activity and the mesocortical DA release in vivo.(More)
The prefrontal cortex plays a key role in the control of higher brain functions and is involved in the pathophysiology and treatment of schizophrenia. Here we report that approximately 60% of the neurons in rat and mouse prefrontal cortex express 5-HT(1A) and/or 5-HT2A receptor mRNAs, which are highly co-localized (approximately 80%). The electrical(More)
Atypical antipsychotics show preferential 5-HT 2A versus dopamine (DA) D2 receptor affinity. At clinical doses, they fully occupy cortical 5-HT2 receptors, which suggests a strong relationship with their therapeutic action. Half of the pyramidal neurones in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) express 5-HT 2A receptors. Also, neurones excited through 5-HT 2A(More)
Serotonin is involved in psychiatric disorders exhibiting abnormal prefrontal cortex (PFC) function (e.g. major depression, schizophrenia). We examined the effect of the stimulation of the dorsal and median raphe nuclei (DR and MnR, respectively) on the activity of PFC neurons. Electrical stimulation of DR/MnR inhibited 66% (115/173) of pyramidal neurons in(More)
Since 1994, the beta-adrenoceptor and 5-HT(1A/1B) receptor ligand pindolol has been used to accelerate or enhance the clinical effects of antidepressant drugs, such as the selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), that act primarily on 5-HT-containing neurones. Pindolol was initially thought to act by preventing the inhibition of 5-HT release, elicited by(More)