P. Castelain

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We have studied the changes in cell population kinetics and DNA-content of cycling parenchymal cells during the very early steps of rat hepatocarcinogenesis in Faber's protocol. Adult rats were initiated by a single dose of diethylnitrosamine (DENA, 200 mg kg-1), followed 2 weeks later by a 2-week diet of 0.03% 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) as selection(More)
A coordinated study was carried out on the development, evaluation and application of biomonitoring procedures for populations exposed to environmental genotoxic pollutants. The procedures used involved both direct measurement of DNA or protein damage (adducts) and assessment of second biological effects (mutation and cytogenetic damage). Adduct detection(More)
The mutagenic properties of 2-methylpropene (MP) and 2-methyl-1,2- epoxypropane (MEP) were investigated in the Salmonella assay. A simple exposure system, consisting of gastight tissue culture flasks, was used. This method has the advantage that the volatile test chemical is present during the entire incubation period and that several concentrations of the(More)
The aim of this study is to assess the ability of three methods, alkaline elution (AE), nick translation (NT), and single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE), to detect DNA single-strand breaks (ssb) in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (HPBL) exposed in vitro to three genotoxic agents; gamma-rays, ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) and benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a probe for the pericentromeric region of chromosome 1 and DNA content measurements by image-analysis-based densitometry have been carried out on imprints of benign and malignant breast tissue. In general, an increase in the number of spots per nucleus was observed in the invasive carcinomas, with a large(More)
Be they steady state or transient state, "Process simulators" can be split in two categories: simulators with a sequential modular approach and simulators with a global resolution approach. Both approaches are often opposed and present specific advantages and disadvantages. The work reported here consists in reconciling those two approaches. It was carried(More)
Liver carcinogenesis is considered to be a good experimental model to study the sequential changes leading to cancer and was applied here for the analysis of chromosome/genome mutations. Since the micronucleus test was shown to be an adequate method to detect and analyse chromosome changes in dividing cells, the frequency of micronuclei (MN) together with(More)
The effect of the 'promoters' phenobarbital (PB) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on the ploidy changes during hepatocarcinogenesis in rats was compared in a densitometric analysis of Feulgen-stained nuclei on paraffin-embedded tissue slices. The triphasic Gerlans protocol for liver-cancer induction was applied. Initiation with a single dose of(More)
Four structurally related aliphatic epoxides (1,2-epoxypropane, 1,2-epoxyisobutane, cis- and trans-2,3-epoxybutane) have been tested in the Salmonella/microsome assay, modified for volatile substances, using the strains TA1535 and TA100. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of methylation on the mutagenicity of 1,2-epoxypropane in this(More)
The mutagenic activity of five dichloroethylamino 2-nitrobenzofuran derivatives and one dichloroethylamino 2-nitronaphthofuran derivative was analysed in the Salmonella/microsome assay. We investigated the influence of the position of the dichloroethylamino and/or the methoxy groups on the mutagenic activity of these nitro arenofurans in S. typhimurium(More)