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Prion diseases are transmissible neurodegenerative conditions characterized by the accumulation of protease-resistant forms of the prion protein (PrP), termed PrPres, in the brain. Insoluble PrPres tends to aggregate into amyloid fibrils. The anthracycline 4'-iodo-4'-deoxy-doxorubicin (IDX) binds to amyloid fibrils and induces amyloid resorption in patients(More)
By using both synaptosomes and cultured astrocytes from rat cerebral cortex, we have investigated the inhibitory action of arachidonic acid on the high-affinity glutamate uptake systems, focusing on the possible physiological significance of this mechanism. Application of arachidonic acid (1-100 microM) to either preparation leads to fast (within 30 s) and(More)
Recent evidence indicates that arachidonic acid (AA) and its metabolites play a fast messenger role in synaptic modulation in the CNS. 12-Lipoxygenase derivatives are released by Aplysia sensory neurons in response to inhibitory transmitters and directly target a class of K+ channels, increasing the probability of their opening. In this way,(More)
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