P. C. Mishra

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Oxidative degradation of guanine to 2,6-diamino-4-oxo-5-formamidopyrimidine (FapyG) is believed to be mutagenic. It has been proposed recently that the enol tautomer of FapyG is mainly responsible for this effect leading to a guanine-to-thymine mutation (T. H. Gehrke, U. Lischke, K. L. Gasteiger, S. Schneider, S. Arnold, H. C. Muller, D. S. Stephenson, H.(More)
Reactions of peroxynitrite with guanine were investigated using density functional theory (B3LYP) employing 6-31G** and AUG-cc-pVDZ basis sets. Single point energy calculations were performed at the MP2/AUG-cc-pVDZ level. Genuineness of the calculated transition states (TS) was tested by visually examining the vibrational modes corresponding to the(More)
The reaction between nitrogen dioxide (NO2*) and guanine radical cation (G*+) yielding the mutagenic product 8-nitroguanine radical cation (8-nitroG*+) was studied in the presence of one or two water molecules. All the relevant extrema on the potential energy surface were located by fully optimizing the geometries of the reactant, intermediate, and product(More)
8-Nitroguanine (8-NitroG) is known to be a potent mutagenic product obtained from the guanine base of DNA that induces GC to AT transversion mutation. Its formation by the reaction of guanyl radical with nitrogen dioxide radical (NO(2)(*)) has been observed experimentally. The reaction was studied here theoretically considering different reactant complexes,(More)
Reaction of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) with imidazole (Im) taken as a model for the 5-membered ring of guanine, leading to the products 2-chloro- and 2-oxo-imidazoles was investigated at the B3LYP/6-31+G* and B3LYP/AUG-cc-pVDZ levels of density functional theory. For all cases, single point energy calculations were performed at the MP2/AUG-cc-pVDZ level of(More)
O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) repairs O6-methylguanine (O6mG) in DNA that is known to cause mutation and cancer. On the basis of calculations performed using density functional theory involving the active site of AGT, a mechanism for catalytic demethylation of O6mG to guanine has been proposed. In this mechanism, roles of six amino acids, i.e.,(More)
The types of mutations induced by oxidatively damaged products of DNA are continuously in debate. For example, some biochemical studies have proposed that guanidinohydantoin (Gh) would induce exclusively G to C mutations, while other studies have predicted a mixture of various mutations including G to C, G to T and G to A. In addition to the nature of(More)
DNA damage by endogenous and exogenous agents is a serious concern, as the damaged products can affect genome integrity severely. Damage to DNA may arise from various factors such as DNA base modifications, strand break, inter- and intrastrand crosslinks, and DNA-protein crosslinks. Among these factors, DNA base modification is a common and important form(More)
Mechanisms of formation of the mutagenic product 8-oxoguanine (8OG) due to reactions of guanine with two separate OH* radicals and with H2O2 were investigated at the B3LYP/6-31G, B3LYP/6-311++G, and B3LYP/AUG-cc-pVDZ levels of theory. Single point energy calculations were carried out with the MP2/AUG-cc-pVDZ method employing the optimized geometries at the(More)