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Reaction of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) with imidazole (Im) taken as a model for the 5-membered ring of guanine, leading to the products 2-chloro- and 2-oxo-imidazoles was investigated at the B3LYP/6-31+G* and B3LYP/AUG-cc-pVDZ levels of density functional theory. For all cases, single point energy calculations were performed at the MP2/AUG-cc-pVDZ level of(More)
BACKGROUND Ribosome biogenesis is an energy consuming and stringently controlled process that involves hundreds of trans-acting factors. Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), important components of ribosome biogenesis are non-coding guide RNAs involved in rRNA processing, nucleotide modifications like 2'-O-ribose methylation, pseudouridylation and possibly gene(More)
Reactions of peroxynitrite with guanine were investigated using density functional theory (B3LYP) employing 6-31G** and AUG-cc-pVDZ basis sets. Single point energy calculations were performed at the MP2/AUG-cc-pVDZ level. Genuineness of the calculated transition states (TS) was tested by visually examining the vibrational modes corresponding to the(More)
One of the most common central nervous system diseases in tropical countries is cerebral malaria (CM). Malaria is a common protozoan infection that is responsible for enormous worldwide mortality and economic burden on the society. Episodes of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) caused CM may be lethal, while survivors are likely to suffer from persistent(More)
— Finite journal bearing of elliptic bore and circular bush is analyzed considering the isotropic roughness in the bearing surfaces. The angle of inclination of the major axis of the sleeve to the load line and the attitude angle are kept constant while evaluating all the performance parameters. Film shape due to the rough elliptic bore is defined through(More)
Direct and indirect oxidation of guanine in DNA produces guanidinohydantoin (Gh), which is capable of inhibiting replication and inducing mutations during cellular activities. Although some biochemical studies have proposed that Gh may induce exclusively G to C mutations in DNA, other studies have predicted the occurrence of both G to C and G to T(More)
Adiabatic electron affinities (AEA) and structural perturbations due to addition of an excess electron to each of the neutral guanine-cytosine (G-C), adenine-thymine (A-T), and hypoxanthine-cytosine (HX-C) base pairs were studied using the self-consistent charge, density functional tight-binding (SCC-DFTB-D) method, augmented by the empirical London(More)
Geometries of clusters of water molecules (W(n)) and those of the LiF-W(n) (n = 1-9) complexes were optimized using the B3LYP/6-31+G** method. Geometries of the complexes up to n = 7 were also optimized using the MP2/6-31+G** approach. Only one structure of each of W(n), n = 1-5 was considered to generate the complexes with LiF while two structures, one of(More)
Molecular geometries of two structural forms of 2'-deoxyguanosine (keto-N9R and keto-N7R, R = the sugar moiety) considering both the C2'-endo and C3'-endo conformations of the sugar ring and those of the complexes of these species with two water molecules each were optimized employing the ab initio RHF procedure. A mixed basis set consisting of the 6-311+G*(More)