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The primary structures of the yeast recessive omnipotent suppressor gene SUP1 (SUP45) and one of its mutant alleles (sup1-ts36) was determined. The gene codes for a protein of 49 kD. The mutant protein differs from the wildtype form in one amino acid residue (Ser instead of Leu) in the N-terminal part. The codon usage differs significantly from that of(More)
Immune cells utilize acetylcholine as a paracrine-signaling molecule. Many white blood cells express components of the cholinergic signaling pathway, and these are up-regulated when immune cells are activated. However, in vivo molecular imaging of cholinergic signaling in the context of inflammation has not previously been investigated. We performed(More)
Brown adipose tissue with its constituent brown adipocytes is a promising therapeutic target in metabolic disorders due to its ability to dissipate energy and improve systemic insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. The molecular control of brown adipocyte differentiation and function has been extensively studied in mice, but relatively little is known(More)
Nucleotide sequences of the yeast recessive suppressor gene SUP1 and one of its mutant alleles (supl-ts36) are compared. One open reading frame is found in the gene able to code 438 amino acid residues. The reading frame is not interrupted by introns. Mutant allele supl-ts36 contains one nucleotide change at position + 101 (T----C) inducing the exchange of(More)
The anti-diabetic biguanide drugs metformin (METF) and phenformin (PHEN) may have anti-cancer effects. Biguanides suppress plasma growth factors, but nonetheless, the view that these mitochondrial inhibitors accumulate in tumor tissue to an extent that leads to severe energetic stress or alleviation of hypoxia-induced radioresistance is gaining ground. Our(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is activated by extracellular norepinephrine (NE) released by the sympathetic nervous system. The extracellular concentration of NE is additionally regulated by the disappearance/degradation of NE. Recent studies have introduced the organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3) as a possible contributor in the regulation of NE in adipose(More)
A plasmid, pYsup1-1, containing a DNA fragment able to suppress the recessive mutant phenotype of the suppressor locus sup1 (allele sup1-ts36) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was isolated from a bank of yeast chromosomal DNA cloned in cosmid p3030. The complementing gene was localized on a 2.6 kb DNA fragment by further subcloning. Evidence is presented that(More)
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