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1. The effect of the bradycardic agent S 16257 on the main ionic mechanisms of diastolic depolarization in sinoatrial node cells isolated from rabbit heart, was investigated by the patch-clamp technique in whole-cell and macro-patch recordings. 2. In whole-cell conditions, S 16257 induced a marked exponential use-dependent blockade of the(More)
Cardiac arrhythmias, which occur in a wide variety of conditions where intracellular calcium is increased, have been attributed to the activation of a transient inward current (Iti). Iti is the result of three different [Ca]i-sensitive currents: the Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange current, a Ca(2+)-activated chloride current and a Ca(2+)-activated non-selective(More)
Tandem-repeat DNA actively turns over in the genome by a variety of poorly understood dynamic mechanisms. Minisatellites, a class of tandem repeats, have been shown to cause disease by influencing gene expression, modifying coding sequences within genes or generating fragile sites. There has been recent rapid progress towards understanding molecular(More)
Calcicludine (CaC) is a 60-amino acid polypeptide from the venom of Dendroaspis angusticeps. It is structurally homologous to the Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, to dendrotoxins, which block K+ channels, and to the protease inhibitor domain of the amyloid beta protein that accumulates in Alzheimer disease. Voltage-clamp experiments on a variety of excitable(More)
INTRODUCTION Among a range of chloride channels, outwardly rectifying Cl- channels have been reported in the heart of various species. Although the anionic current carried by this channel has been subjected to intense electrophysiological investigations, paradoxically no examination of single-channel currents has been reported for human cardiomyocytes. (More)
Fibroblasts play a major role in heart physiology. They are at the origin of the extracellular matrix renewal and production of various paracrine and autocrine factors. In pathological conditions, fibroblasts proliferate, migrate and differentiate into myofibroblasts leading to cardiac fibrosis. This differentiated status is associated with changes in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this work was to target a vital reporter gene in the mouse cardiac conduction system (CS) to distinguish this tissue from the surrounding myocardium in the adult heart. METHODS A transgenic mouse line has been created in which EGFP is expressed under the control of the Cx40 gene. Correlative investigations associating EGFP imaging and(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is associated with electrical activity modifications, including sustained depolarization, that lead to a propensity for arrhythmias. The ionic currents underlying the sustained depolarization are not well defined. Similar modifications were reported on adult rat cardiomyocytes in primary culture undergoing dedifferentiation. Using the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE TRPM4 and TRPM5 are calcium-activated non-selective cation channels with almost identical characteristics. TRPM4 is detected in several tissues including heart, kidney, brainstem, cerebral artery and immune system whereas TRPM5 expression is more restricted. Determination of their roles in physiological processes requires specific(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is an adaptive process that occurs in response to increased physical stress on the heart. Hypertrophy, which may be induced by hypertension among other factors, is characterized by an increase in left ventricular mass and an associated increase in force production capacity. However, as sustained cardiac hypertrophy may lead to heart(More)